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This article explores in depth the role of indigenous and foreign innovation efforts in technological change and catching up in emerging economies. It also looks at the interaction between indigenous and foreign innovation. The article presents original evidence and argues that, despite the potential offered by globalisation and a liberal trade regime, the(More)
This paper examines the processes of knowledge transfer in the services sector in the economic reality, increasingly affected by the use of information and communication technologies. An important focus is to explore whether the knowledge transfer channels, traditionally used in manufacturing, can also be made use of in services. To this end, the authors(More)
The structure of wages and employment has shifted against the low-skilled in many OECD countries over the last decade. Many authors have attributed this shift to the impact of new technologies, and or technical change in general. This paper investigates and structures the growing body of literature on skill-biased technical change (SBTC) by first presenting(More)
While there remains a huge concentration of knowledge production activities in the developed countries, the last twenty years have seen a major shift in world wide access to codified knowledge. The role of information and communication technologies has been instrumental here, as has been that of more capital and organisational embedded forms of technology(More)
We review the role of R&D in endogenous growth theory, and describe extant empirical research—macro and micro—bearing on R&D as an engine of growth. Taking R&D to be key while recognizing the significance of economic incentives emphasizes knowledge as an economic object and, more generally, the economics of intellectual property rights. This paper argues(More)
This paper discusses the position of the European Union in the world economy by focussing on innovation, knowledge creation and technology policy. First, we explore and analyse the concept of knowledge and its application in a modern Schumpeterian framework. Second, we address some new insights in the diffusion and other properties of knowledge. Third, we(More)
Empirical research aimed at understanding how individuals interact and share their knowledge in a distributed software development environment has traditionally been very difficult because the source of knowledge, the code, has been a guarded secret and software developers and users were seldom in contact, thus making it difficult to study, in situ, all the(More)