Luc R. Berghman

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The distribution, function and ontogeny of the mononuclear phagocyte system of the chicken were characterised using the monoclonal antibody (MAb) KUL01. KUL01 specifically recognises chicken monocytes, macrophages and interdigitating cells, as well as activated microglia cells. Its tissue distribution allowed to discriminate KUL01 from all earlier described(More)
Interferon tau (IFNtau) is the signal for maternal recognition of pregnancy in ruminants. The positive effects of IFNtau on IFN-stimulated gene (ISG) expression are mediated by ISG factor 3 (ISGF3), which is composed of signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) 1, Stat 2, and IFN regulatory factor-9 (IRF-9), and by gamma-activated factor(More)
Avian influenza (AI) is a significant public health concern and serious economic threat to the commercial poultry industry worldwide. Previous research demonstrates that antibodies against M2e confer protection against influenza challenge. Using the Red recombinase system in combination with overlapping extension PCR, we recently developed several novel(More)
1. The ontogeny of type I and type III deiodinase activities was studied in embryonic and posthatch chicks. 2. Hepatic type I activity showed a 3-fold increase up to the period of pipping and hatching and decreased slowly thereafter. 3. Hepatic type III activity increased by 3-fold from E14 to E17 and decreased more than 10-fold from E17 to C0. Posthatch(More)
Although pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is a well-known hormone precursor in many species, molecular information about avian POMCs is still relatively scarce. In a former study (Berghman et al., [1998] Mol Cell Endocrinol. 142:119-130) the nucleotide and amino acid sequence of N-terminal POMC in the chicken were reported. To complete the nucleotide sequence of(More)
BACKGROUND A variety of techniques have been described which introduce scarless, site-specific chromosomal mutations. These techniques can be applied to make point mutations or gene deletions as well as insert heterologous DNA into bacterial vectors for vaccine development. Most methods use a multi-step approach that requires cloning and/or designing repeat(More)
A major obstacle in the production of specific antibodies toward chicken prolactin (PRL) has been overcome by mimicking a putative epitope of the molecule using the synthetic decapeptide Lys-chPRL 59-67. This peptide represents the highest hydrophilicity peak of the amino acid sequence of chPRL that was recently derived from the nucleotide sequence.(More)
Arginine vasotocin is a neurohypophysial hormone in lower vertebrates including birds. Its actions are mediated through G-protein coupled receptors that belong to the vasopressin/oxytocin receptor family. Our laboratory recently cloned a vasotocin receptor, designated the VT2 receptor (VT2R), which shares high sequence identity at both the nucleotide and(More)
1. The effect of the crude protein content (200 and 150 g/kg) of isoenergetic diets on episodic growth hormone (GH) release and on heat production was investigated in male broiler chickens. 2. Decreasing the crude protein content of isoenergetic diets from 200 g/kg (HP diet) to 150 g/kg (LP diet) resulted in depressed body weight gain, impaired food(More)