Luc R. Berghman

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Research in mammals has demonstrated a variety of regulatory effects of vasopressin and oxytocin on endocrine functions of the anterior pituitary gland. Less evidence is available regarding the hypophysiotropic action of arginine vasotocin (AVT) comprising vasopressic and oxytocic activities in birds. Some hypophysiotropic effects of AVT may result from its(More)
Although pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) is a well-known hormone precursor in many species, molecular information about avian POMCs is still relatively scarce. In a former study (Berghman et al., [1998] Mol Cell Endocrinol. 142:119-130) the nucleotide and amino acid sequence of N-terminal POMC in the chicken were reported. To complete the nucleotide sequence of(More)
Arginine vasotocin is a neurohypophysial hormone in lower vertebrates including birds. Its actions are mediated through G-protein coupled receptors that belong to the vasopressin/oxytocin receptor family. Our laboratory recently cloned a vasotocin receptor, designated the VT2 receptor (VT2R), which shares high sequence identity at both the nucleotide and(More)
The histological distribution of gonadotrophs containing either LH or FSH, but not both gonadotropins, has been demonstrated before in the juvenile and adult chicken throughout the caudal and cephalic anterior pituitary lobes. In the present investigation, the distribution of FSH- and/or LH-containing gonadotrophs was further investigated in the chicken(More)
BACKGROUND A variety of techniques have been described which introduce scarless, site-specific chromosomal mutations. These techniques can be applied to make point mutations or gene deletions as well as insert heterologous DNA into bacterial vectors for vaccine development. Most methods use a multi-step approach that requires cloning and/or designing repeat(More)
To characterize a possible relationship between chicken luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone-I (cLHRH-I) and arginine-vasotocin (AVT) we performed immunocytochemical double-stainings throughout the preoptic-hypothalamic region of the chicken brain. This study clearly reveals a partial colocalization between both neuropeptides. Single-labeled neurons,(More)
Avian influenza (AI) is a significant public health concern and serious economic threat to the commercial poultry industry worldwide. Previous research demonstrates that antibodies against M2e confer protection against influenza challenge. Using the Red recombinase system in combination with overlapping extension PCR, we recently developed several novel(More)
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) and somatostatin (SRIH) concentrations were determined by RIA during both embryonic development and posthatch growth of the chicken. Both TRH and SRIH were already detectable in hypothalami of 14-day-old embryos (E14). Towards the end of incubation, hypothalamic TRH levels increased progressively, followed by a further(More)
Gut inflammation is a cardinal event occurring in various gastrointestinal diseases regardless of etiology. A potential mechanism of action for antibiotic growth promoters and probiotics is alleviation or attenuation of such inflammation. In vivo inflammation models and markers to quantify changes in inflammation, such as paracellular leakage and tight(More)
Adult fed and starved Warren chickens, 2 yr of age, and approaching the end of the second laying year, were injected iv with 1 of the following products: 10 micrograms of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH); 100 micrograms of bovine thyrotropin (bTSH); 100 micrograms of ovine growth hormone (oGH); saline. The influence on plasma concentrations of thyroxine(More)