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It is unclear whether the complexity of the variability of the systolic arterial pressure (SAP) provides complementary information to that of the heart period (HP). The complexity of HP and SAP variabilities was assessed from short beat-to-beat recordings (i.e., 256 cardiac beats). The evaluation was made during a pharmacological protocol that induced vagal(More)
Extracellular recordings were made in the right nucleus ambiguus of urethane-anesthetized rats from 33 neurons that were activated at constant latency from the craniovagal cardiac branch. Their calculated conduction velocities were in the B-fiber range (1.6-13.8 m/s, median 4.2), and most (22/33) were silent. Active units were confirmed as cardiac vagal(More)
This study compared spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) estimates obtained from an identical set of data by 11 European centers using different methods and procedures. Noninvasive blood pressure (BP) and ECG recordings were obtained in 21 subjects, including 2 subjects with established baroreflex failure. Twenty-one estimates of BRS were obtained by(More)
Heart rate self-affinity is often assessed by detrended fluctuations analysis, obtaining two coefficients only: a short-term (alpha(1)) exponent and a long-term (alpha(2)) exponent. Our aim is to show the limits of this approach and alternatively propose the estimation of the whole spectrum of local exponents alpha(n) for heart rate and blood pressure. To(More)
Complexity analysis of short-term cardiovascular control is traditionally performed using entropy-based approaches including corrective terms or strategies to cope with the loss of reliability of conditional distributions with pattern length. This study proposes a new approach aiming at the estimation of conditional entropy (CE) from short data segments(More)
The catechol signal recorded using in vivo voltammetry within the rat rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) can be interpreted as a catechol-specific index of the integrated activity of RVLM adrenergic barosensitive bulbospinal and nonbulbospinal neurons. To test the hypothesis that systemic acidosis leads to the activation of RVLM adrenergic neurons, the(More)
A catechol signal recorded with in vivo voltammetry within the rat rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) was taken as an index of the activity of RVLM adrenergic neurons and related to the level of arterial PCO2, under halothane anesthesia. Reversible increases in catechol signal were observed during reversible increases in arterial partial CO2 pressure(More)
Detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) is the most popular method for assessing the fractal characteristics of heart rate (HR). Traditionally, short-term and long-term scale coefficients, α(1) and α(2), are calculated from DFA. We recently showed that the traditional approach oversimplifies a more complex phenomenon better represented by a continuous spectrum(More)
We studied causal relations among heart period (HP), systolic arterial pressure (SAP) and respiration (R) according to the definition of Granger causality in the time domain. Autonomic pharmacological challenges were used to alter the complexity of cardiovascular control. Atropine (AT), propranolol and clonidine (CL) were administered to block muscarinic(More)