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The use of an electronic memory aid (EMA) for patients with mild-to-moderate probable Alzheimer disease is examined in five outpatients aged 58-79 years. The ability to remember to carry out seven tasks at a particular time was evaluated in three experimental conditions: recall without an external memory aid, recall with a written list and recall with(More)
BACKGROUND Memory rehabilitation is a sadly misrepresented area of applied research in Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVES To gather and evaluate recent evidence for the clinical effectiveness or ecologically validity of memory rehabilitation for mild to moderate Alzheimer's patients. METHODS Computerised searches and some handsearching were conducted(More)
BACKGROUND The Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale (ADAS) is often used in international multicenter trials. Use across countries presupposes correct translation and adaptation of the scale, and maintenance of its psychometric properties. OBJECTIVES To compare the various translations of the ADAS used in Western Europe, to design internationally(More)
Two subjects affected by pure alexia and showing no central dyschromatopsia or generalized aphasia, performed poorly on traditional tasks with visually-presented colour stimuli and on tasks with objects presented verbally. Three experiments were conducted to evaluate the possible role of mental colour imagery in recalling the colours of objects from memory.(More)
BACKGROUND Transnational and psychometrically appropriate versions of instruments used in the diagnosis of dementia are essential for comparing information between different countries. The Cambridge Examination for Mental Disorders of the Elderly incorporates a brief neuropsychological test battery, Cambridge Cognitive Examination (recently revised(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS In the clinical setting, brief general mental status tests tend to detect early-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD) less well than more specific cognitive tests. Some preliminary information was collected on the diagnostic accuracy of the Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP) compared with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) in recognizing(More)
Twenty patients (mean age 64 years) with a previous episode of transient global amnesia (TGA) were examined to assess the functioning of objective memory (by using the Randt Memory Test), the metamemory capacities (Sehulster Memory Scale), the residual level of retrograde amnesia (Questionnaire of Remote Events), and the level of depression (Geriatric(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of drug therapy (DT) with pramiracetam and memory training (MT), each alone, and in combination (DTMT), on both the objective memory and metamemory performance. Thirty-five non-depressed, non-demented healthy elderly (mean age: 64.8 years) with objective (story recall) and/or subjective (cognitive(More)
The evaluation of a patient's mental state, overall clinical profile and behavioural disturbance in the process of diagnosing dementia requires at least two sources of information: the patient and the informant. Since the severity of the dementia may interfere with the subjective perception of these disorders, it is important to evaluate the consistency(More)
AIM To determine the applicability and psychometric properties of the Italian version of the Disability Assessment of Dementia scale (DAD-I) in a community-residing population with early-stage Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS The DAD-I was administered to the primary caregivers of 159 patients (mean age +/- SD 77.1 +/- 5.2) with mild AD (mean Mini Mental(More)