Luc Le Gratiet

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We report on the engineering of a nondispersive (flat) energy band in a geometrically frustrated lattice of micropillar optical cavities. By taking advantage of the non-Hermitian nature of our system, we achieve bosonic condensation of exciton polaritons into the flat band. Because of the infinite effective mass in such a band, the condensate is highly(More)
We report on the continuous-wave operation of a band edge laser at room temperature near 1.55 mum in an InGaAs/InP photonic crystal. A flat dispersion band-edge photonic mode is used for surface normal operation. The photonic crystal slab is integrated onto a Silicon chip by means of Au/In bonding technology, which combines two advantages, efficient heat(More)
We report on lasing at room temperature and at telecommunications wavelength from photonic crystal nanocavities based on InAsP/InP quantum dots. Such laser cavities with a small modal volume and high quality factor display a high spontaneous emission coupling factor (beta). Lasing is confirmed by measuring the second-order autocorrelation function. A smooth(More)
The Bose-Hubbard model (BHM) describes bosons hopping across sites and interacting on-site. Inspired by the success of BHM simulators with atoms in optical lattices, proposals for implementing the BHM with photons in coupled nonlinear cavities have recently emerged. Two coupled semiconductor microcavities constitute a model system where the hopping,(More)
We have designed photonic crystal suspended membranes with optimized optical and mechanical properties for cavity optomechanics. Such resonators sustain vibration modes in the megahertz range with quality factors of a few thousand. Thanks to a two-dimensional square lattice of holes, their reflectivity at normal incidence at 1064 nm reaches values as high(More)
We have developed surface-emitting single-mode quantum cascade lasers which employ high-contrast photonic-crystal resonators. The devices operate on band-edge states of the photonic band-structure. The mode profile and polarization characteristics of the band-edge modes are calculated by three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain simulation.(More)
We experimentally reveal the emergence of edge states in a photonic lattice with orbital bands. We use a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice of coupled micropillars whose bulk spectrum shows four gapless bands arising from the coupling of p-like photonic orbitals. We observe zero-energy edge states whose topological origin is similar to that of conventional(More)
We investigate terahertz plasmon-polariton (PP) resonances for hetero-structures (AlGaN/GaN, SiGe/Si/SiGe, AlGaAs/GaAs and InAlN/GaN) with grating coupler in order to find the optimal structure. We show a modeling work devoted to a parametric study (influence of geometry, temperature...) that the resonances are tunable in frequency allowing a control of the(More)
We experimentally explore the dynamical optical hysteresis of a semiconductor microcavity as a function of the sweep time. The hysteresis area exhibits a double power law decay due to the influence of fluctuations, which trigger switching between metastable states. Upon increasing the average photon number and approaching the thermodynamic limit, the double(More)