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Loss of neurons after traumatic brain injury (TBI) might involve dysregulated apoptosis. Activation of caspase-3 is one hallmark of apoptosis. Therefore, caspase-3 activity (cleavage of DEVD-afc) was measured in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples (n=113) from 27 patients with TBI at day 1 to 14 after trauma. Caspase-3 activity was detected in 31 (27.4%) CSF(More)
For tissue engineering of critical size bone grafts, nanocomposites are getting more and more attractive due to their controllable physical and biological properties. We report in vitro and in vivo behaviour of an electrospun nanocomposite based on poly-lactic-co-glycolic acid and amorphous calcium phosphate nanoparticles (PLGA/a-CaP) seeded with human(More)
BACKGROUND Reduction of PMN apoptosis during sepsis contributes to the pathogenesis of multiple organ failure. Differential expression of Bcl-2 proteins, which participate in apoptosis regulation, may be responsible for the dysbalanced apoptosis seen in neutrophils from septic patients. In this study, expression of Mcl-1, Bid, Bcl-2, and Bax were(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical observations are suggesting accelerated granulation tissue formation in traumatic wounds treated with vacuum-assisted closure (VAC). Aim of this study was to determine the impact of VAC therapy versus alternative Epigard application on local inflammation and neovascularization in traumatic soft tissue wounds. METHODS Thirty-two(More)
INTRODUCTION Norepinephrine, regularly used to increase systemic arterial blood pressure and thus improve cerebral perfusion following severe traumatic brain injury (TBI), may activate platelets. This, in turn, could promote microthrombosis formation and induce additional brain damage. METHODS The objective of this study was to investigate the influence(More)
The reduced responsiveness of monocytes or granulocytes toward endotoxin (endotoxin tolerance) during sepsis may depend on Toll-like receptors (TLR). The expression of TLR-2 and TLR-4 was measured on neutrophils (PMN) and monocytes from patients with sepsis (n = 21) or healthy controls (n = 12). Leukocytes (1 x 10/mL) were incubated at 37 degrees C with or(More)
BACKGROUND Endothelial cells can be protected against cytokine-induced toxicity by volatile anesthetics. The authors tested whether inhalation of sevoflurane at subanesthetic concentrations provides protection against postocclusive endothelial dysfunction induced by ischemia-reperfusion injury of the forearm in humans. METHODS Five healthy male volunteers(More)
Canine synovial membrane explants were exposed to high- or low-passage Borrelia burgdorferi for 3, 6, 12, and 24 h. Spirochetes received no treatment, were UV light irradiated for 16 h, or were sonicated prior to addition to synovial explant cultures. In explant tissues, mRNA levels for the proinflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha),(More)
BACKGROUND Barbiturate coma is used in patients with traumatic brain injury whenever increases in intracranial pressure remain unresponsive to less aggressive therapeutic regimens. However, barbiturate-mediated neuroprotection correlates with lymphopenia, which increases the risk of infection. The mechanisms by which barbiturates lead to lymphopenia remain(More)
BACKGROUND AIMS Adipose-derived stem cells are easily accessed and have a relatively high density compared with other mesenchymal stromal cells. Isolation protocols of adipose-derived stem cells (ASC) rely on the cell's ability to adhere to tissue culture plastic overnight. It was evaluated whether the floating ASC fractions are also of interest for(More)