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The consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with a reduced rate of coronary heart disease (CHD) in observational cohorts. The purpose of this study was to assess the strength of this association in a meta-analysis. Cohort studies were selected if they reported relative risks (RRs) and 95% CI for coronary heart disease or mortality and if they(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease incidence rates have stabilised in industrialised countries since the 1980s. Conversely, a continuing increase in childhood-onset Crohn's disease incidence has been reported. AIM To confirm trends in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) incidence in northern France over an extended time period (1988-2007) with a focus on(More)
BACKGROUND Observational data suggest a protective effect of several antioxidants on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and type 2 diabetes. However, randomized trials have yielded inconsistent results. OBJECTIVES The first objective was to assess the effect of 7.5 y of antioxidant supplementation on FPG at 7.5 y. The second objective was to examine the(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Consumption of fruit and vegetables (F&V) is associated with a lower cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. Smoking may affect the strength of this association. The objective of this study was to compare the relationship between the frequency of F&V intake and CVD risk in male current, former and never smokers. SUBJECTS/METHODS A(More)
Most data regarding the natural history of inflammatory bowel diseases and their therapeutic management are from tertiary referral-centres. However, the patients followed in these centres represent a selected sample and extrapolation of these data to the general population is disputable. The EPIMAD Registry covers a large area of Northern France with almost(More)
OBJECTIVES The natural history of ulcerative colitis (UC) has been poorly described in children. METHODS In a geographically derived incidence cohort diagnosed from 1988 to 2002, we identified 113 UC patients (age 0-17 years at diagnosis) with a follow-up of at least 2 years. The cumulative risk of colectomy was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Risk(More)
Diet plays an important part in the maintenance of optimal cardiovascular health. This Review summarizes the evidence for a relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and the occurrence of coronary heart disease. This evidence is based on observational cohort studies, nutrition prevention trials with fruit and vegetables, and investigations of the(More)
BACKGROUND Fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with lower rates of coronary heart disease. Results from observational studies suggest a similar association with stroke. OBJECTIVE To assess the evidence from prospective observational studies on fruit and vegetable intake and risk of stroke. METHODS A meta-analysis of prospective studies was(More)
UNLABELLED Data on the natural history of elderly-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are scarce. METHODS In a French population-based cohort we identified 841 IBD patients >60 years of age at diagnosis from 1988 to 2006, including 367 Crohn's disease (CD) and 472 ulcerative colitis (UC). RESULTS Median age at diagnosis was similar for CD (70 years(More)