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The consumption of fruit and vegetables is associated with a reduced rate of coronary heart disease (CHD) in observational cohorts. The purpose of this study was to assess the strength of this association in a meta-analysis. Cohort studies were selected if they reported relative risks (RRs) and 95% CI for coronary heart disease or mortality and if they(More)
BACKGROUND Fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with lower rates of coronary heart disease. Results from observational studies suggest a similar association with stroke. OBJECTIVE To assess the evidence from prospective observational studies on fruit and vegetable intake and risk of stroke. METHODS A meta-analysis of prospective studies was(More)
OBJECTIVE Patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are at increased risk of having venous thromboembolism. The magnitude of this risk has yet to be determined. The question of whether IBD patients have an increased risk of arterial thromboembolism and cardiovascular (CV) mortality remains controversial. DESIGN We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Library,(More)
Fruit and vegetable consumption is associated with low CHD risk in the USA and Northern Europe. There is, in contrast, little information about these associations in other regions of Europe. The goal of the present study was to assess the relationship between frequency of fruit and vegetable intake and CHD risk in two European populations with contrasting(More)
BACKGROUND Crohn's disease incidence rates have stabilised in industrialised countries since the 1980s. Conversely, a continuing increase in childhood-onset Crohn's disease incidence has been reported. AIM To confirm trends in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) incidence in northern France over an extended time period (1988-2007) with a focus on(More)
BACKGROUND Observational data suggest a protective effect of several antioxidants on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and type 2 diabetes. However, randomized trials have yielded inconsistent results. OBJECTIVES The first objective was to assess the effect of 7.5 y of antioxidant supplementation on FPG at 7.5 y. The second objective was to examine the(More)
UNLABELLED Data on the natural history of elderly-onset inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are scarce. METHODS In a French population-based cohort we identified 841 IBD patients >60 years of age at diagnosis from 1988 to 2006, including 367 Crohn's disease (CD) and 472 ulcerative colitis (UC). RESULTS Median age at diagnosis was similar for CD (70 years(More)
Diet plays an important part in the maintenance of optimal cardiovascular health. This Review summarizes the evidence for a relationship between fruit and vegetable consumption and the occurrence of coronary heart disease. This evidence is based on observational cohort studies, nutrition prevention trials with fruit and vegetables, and investigations of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a frequent and life-limiting complication of systemic sclerosis (SSc). However, data on survival rates and their evolution over time, as well as prognostic factors in SSc complicated by PH, are still conflicting. The aim of this study was to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of cohort studies to assess(More)
BACKGROUND Numerous studies support the protective effect of high fruit and vegetable consumption on chronic disease risk, mainly against cancer and cardiovascular diseases. The increase of fruit and vegetable intake has become a public health priority in many countries. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to investigate the relationships of socioeconomic,(More)