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Tau proteins belong to the family of microtubule-associated proteins. They are mainly expressed in neurons where they play an important role in the assembly of tubulin monomers into microtubules to constitute the neuronal microtubules network. Microtubules are involved in maintaining the cell shape and serve as tracks for axonal transport. Tau proteins also(More)
Mutations in the genes encoding amyloid-beta precursor protein (APP), presenilin 1 (PS1) and presenilin 2 (PS2) are known to cause early-onset, autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease. Studies of plasma and fibroblasts from subjects with these mutations have established that they all alter amyloid beta-protein (beta APP) processing, which normally leads to(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the spatiotemporal mapping of neurofibrillary degeneration (NFD) in normal aging and the different stages of AD. BACKGROUND The pathophysiologic significance of AD lesions, namely amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary tangles, is still unclear, especially their interrelationship and their link with cognitive impairment. METHODS The(More)
Tau transgenic mice are valuable models to investigate the role of tau protein in Alzheimer's disease and other tauopathies. However, motor dysfunction and dystonic posture interfering with behavioral testing are the most common undesirable effects of tau transgenic mice. Therefore, we have generated a novel mouse model (THY-Tau22) that expresses human(More)
Head trauma has been associated with the occurrence of Alzhiemer's disease and plays a clear role in the etiopathogenesis of the boxers encephalopathy referred to as dementia pugilistica. Neurofibrillary tangles (NFT), one of the pathological hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease are observed in very high densities in the brains of former professional boxers(More)
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified a region upstream the BIN1 gene as the most important genetic susceptibility locus in Alzheimer's disease (AD) after APOE. We report that BIN1 transcript levels were increased in AD brains and identified a novel 3 bp insertion allele ∼28 kb upstream of BIN1, which increased (i) transcriptional activity(More)
Microtubule-associated Tau proteins are the basic component of intraneuronal and glial inclusions observed in many neurological disorders, the so-called tauopathies. Many etiological factors, phosphorylation, splicing, and mutations, relate Tau proteins to neurodegeneration. Molecular analysis has revealed that hyperphosphorylation and abnormal(More)
In neurodegenerative disorders, hyperphosphorylated tau proteins aggregate into abnormal filaments. In the present study, tau protein alterations were studied in one corticobasal degeneration and seven Pick’s disease cases using specific immunological probes. The typical lesions of corticobasal degeneration and Pick’s disease were revealed by(More)
OBJECTIVE Several lines of evidence indicate that a decrease in the CSF concentration of amyloid beta(42) (Abeta(42)) is a potential biomarker for incident Alzheimer disease. In contrast, studies on plasma Abeta(1-40) and Abeta(1-42) peptide levels have yielded contradictory results. Here, we explored the links between incident dementia and plasma(More)
Type III RNase Dicer is responsible for the maturation and function of microRNA (miRNA) molecules in the cell. It is now well-documented that Dicer and the fine-tuning of the miRNA gene network are important for neuronal integrity. However, the underlying mechanisms involved in neuronal death, particularly in the adult brain, remain poorly defined. Here we(More)