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In aquatic species of carnivorous utricularia, about 10 - 50 % of the total biomass consists of bladders. Utricularia bladders are physiologically very active organs though their chlorophyll content may greatly be reduced. To specify energetic costs of carnivory, respiration (RD) and net photosynthetic rate (PN) were compared in bladders and leaves or shoot(More)
Various ecophysiological investigations are presented in Aldrovanda vesiculosa, a rootless aquatic carnivorous plant. A distinct polarity of N, P, and Ca tissue content per dry mass (DM) unit was found along Aldrovanda shoots. Due to effective re-utilization, relatively small proportions of N (10 – 13 %) and P (33 – 43 %) are probably lost with senescent(More)
Two main dormancy states, innate and imposed dormancy, were characterized in turions (winter buds) of the aquatic carnivorous plant Aldrovanda vesiculosa L. (Droseraceae) kept at 3 ± 1 °C in a refrigerator over the winter. As a result of the breaking of imposed dormancy by a temperature increase (at 15 – 20 °C), some of the turions rose to the water surface(More)
Various ecophysiological investigations on carnivorous plants in wet soils are presented. Radial oxygen loss from roots of Droseraceae to an anoxic medium was relatively low 0.02 – 0.07 μmol(O2) m− 2 s−1 in the apical zone, while values of about one order of magnitude greater were found in both Sarracenia rubra roots and Genlisea violacea traps. Aerobic(More)
• Here, enzymatic activity of five hydrolases was measured fluorometrically in the fluid collected from traps of four aquatic Utricularia species and in the water in which the plants were cultured. • In empty traps, the highest activity was always exhibited by phosphatases (6.1– 29.8 µmol l − 1 h − 1) and β-glucosidases (1.35 –2.95 µmol l − 1 h − 1), while(More)
The autecology and ecophysiology of two selected periphytic species of Xanthophyceae (Tribonema fonticolum and T. monochloron) were studied from seasonal pools of the inundation area, in the upper part of the Lužnice River (Třeboňsko Biosphere Reserve, Czech Republic) during winter–spring flood. Our studies have shown that these species differ in their(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Ibicella lutea and Proboscidea parviflora are two American semi-desert species of glandular sticky plants that are suspected of carnivory as they can catch small insects. The same characteristics might also hold for two semi-desert plants with glandular sticky leaves from Israel, namely Cleome droserifolia and Hyoscyamus desertorum. The(More)
In this study, O2-based dark respiration rate (RD) in leaf and trap cuttings was compared in 9 terrestrial carnivorous plant species of 5 genera to decide whether traps represent a greater energetic (maintanence) cost than leaves or photosynthetic parts of traps. RD values of cut strips of traps or leaves of terrestrial carnivorous plants submerged in water(More)