Lubomír Adamec

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• Here, enzymatic activity of five hydrolases was measured fluorometrically in the fluid collected from traps of four aquatic Utricularia species and in the water in which the plants were cultured. • In empty traps, the highest activity was always exhibited by phosphatases (6.1– 29.8 µmol l − 1 h − 1) and β-glucosidases (1.35 –2.95 µmol l − 1 h − 1), while(More)
Carnivorous plants (CPs) usually grow in nutrient-poor, wet or aquatic environments and possess foliar traps which capture animal prey (Juniper et al., 1989). There are about 600 terrestrial and 50 aquatic or amphibious species of CPs which supplement the conventional mineral nutrient uptake by roots or shoots from their environment by the absorption of(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Species of Utricularia and Genlisea (Lentibulariaceae) are carnivorous, capturing small prey in traps which are physiologically very active, with abundant quadrifid and bifid glands. Traps of Utricularia have walls composed of two cell layers, and are filled with water. Diverse communities of commensal microorganisms often live inside(More)
UNLABELLED BACKROUND AND AIMS: It has been suggested that the rate of net photosynthesis (AN) of carnivorous plants increases in response to prey capture and nutrient uptake; however, data confirming the benefit from carnivory in terms of increased AN are scarce and unclear. The principal aim of our study was to investigate the photosynthetic benefit from(More)
Turions, which are modified shoot apices, are vegetative, dormant overwintering organs produced by perennial aquatic plants. In this study, the turion cytochemistry and ultrastructure of Aldrovanda vesiculosa, Utricularia vulgaris and U. stygia were compared with particular emphasis placed on storage substances. These three aquatic, rootless carnivorous(More)
The species of Utricularia attract attention not only owing to their carnivorous lifestyle, but also due to an elevated substitution rate and a dynamic evolution of genome size leading to its dramatic reduction. To better understand the evolutionary dynamics of genome size and content as well as the great physiological plasticity in this mostly aquatic(More)
There is an enormous diversity in the structure of the flower palate of the carnivorous rootless genus Utricularia. This study aims to examine the structure of the palates in Utricularia bremii Heer and U. minor L of the Utricularia sect. Utricularia, which have a glandular palate type. In both species, the palate has only one type of glandular trichomes.(More)
Nitrogen (N) is an essential mineral for plants and both its deficiency and excess causes serious problems in agriculture. As stress-inducible defense is costly, N conditions likely affect the trade-off between the growth and defense. Previous studies identified a few defense-related enzymes dependent on N nutrition. Chitinases (EC 3.2.1.14) and glucanases(More)
In this study the MEA (multielectrode array) system was used to record electrical responses of intact and halved traps, and other trap-free tissues of two aquatic carnivorous plants, Aldrovanda vesiculosa and Utricularia reflexa. They exhibit rapid trap movements and their traps contain numerous glands. Spontaneous generation of spikes with quite uniform(More)
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