Lubna Al-Khalili

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Type 2 diabetes is associated with defects in insulin signaling and the resulting abnormal glucose and lipid metabolism. The complexity of insulin signaling cascades is highlighted by the existence of multiple isoforms of target proteins implicated in metabolic and gene-regulatory events. We utilized siRNA to decipher the specific role of predominant(More)
We identified signaling pathways by which IL-6 regulates skeletal muscle differentiation and metabolism. Primary human skeletal muscle cells were exposed to IL-6 (25 ng/ml either acutely or for several days), and small interfering RNA gene silencing was applied to measure glucose and fat metabolism. Chronic IL-6 exposure increased myotube fusion and(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)delta has been implicated in the regulation of lipid metabolism in skeletal muscle. Furthermore, activation of PPARdelta has been proposed to improve insulin sensitivity and reduce glucose levels in animal models of type 2 diabetes. We recently demonstrated that the PPARdelta agonist GW501516 activates(More)
Insulin stimulates Na(+),K(+)-ATPase activity and induces translocation of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase molecules to the plasma membrane in skeletal muscle. We determined the molecular mechanism by which insulin regulates Na(+),K(+)-ATPase in differentiated primary human skeletal muscle cells (HSMCs). Insulin action on Na(+),K(+)-ATPase was dependent on ERK1/2 in(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of several antidiabetic agents on insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis, as well as on mRNA expression. Cultured primary human skeletal myotubes obtained from six healthy subjects were treated for 4 or 8 days without or with glucose (25 mmol/l), insulin (400 pmol/l), rosiglitazone (10 μmol/l), metformin (20(More)
Activators of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma have been studied intensively for their insulin-sensitizing properties and antidiabetic effects. Recently, a specific PPARdelta activator (GW501516) was reported to attenuate plasma glucose and insulin levels when administered to genetically obese ob/ob mice. This study was performed to(More)
AIM We hypothesized that myogenic differentiation of HSMC would yield a more insulin responsive phenotype. METHODS We assessed expression of several proteins involved in insulin action or myogenesis during differentiation of primary human skeletal muscle cultures (HSMC). RESULTS Differentiation increased creatine kinase activity and expression of desmin(More)
The cardiotonic steroid, ouabain, a specific inhibitor of Na(+),K(+)-ATPase, initiates protein-protein interactions that lead to an increase in growth and proliferation in different cell types. We explored the effects of ouabain on glucose metabolism in human skeletal muscle cells (HSMC) and clarified the mechanisms of ouabain signal transduction. In HSMC,(More)
In mature human skeletal muscle, insulin-stimulated glucose transport is mediated primarily via the GLUT4 glucose transporter. However, in contrast to mature skeletal muscle, cultured muscle expresses significant levels of the GLUT1 glucose transporter. To assess the relative contribution of these two glucose transporters, we used a novel photolabelling(More)
AIM In vivo whole body differences in glucose/lipid metabolism exist between men and women. Thus, we tested the hypothesis that intrinsic sex differences exist in skeletal muscle gene expression and glucose/lipid metabolism using cultured myotubes. METHODS Myotube cultures were prepared for gene expression and metabolic studies from vastus lateralis(More)