Lubica Horakova

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1. The review summarizes the most important data known so far on chemistry, pharmacodynamics, toxicology and clinics of the investigational agent, pyridoindole stobadine. 2. Stobadine was shown to be able to scavenge hydroxyl, peroxyl and alkoxyl radicals, to quench singlet oxygen, to repair oxidized amino acids and to preserve oxidation of SH groups by(More)
Brain homogenate was used as a model system to study antioxidant properties of several natural and synthetic antioxidants under oxidative stress. Oxidative stress was induced by Fe/ascorbate system and lipid peroxidation as well as protein modification were studied. Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) were used as a marker of lipid peroxidation.(More)
The pyridoindole derivative stobadine [(-)-cis-2,8-dimethyl-2,3,4,4a,5,9b-hexahydro-1H-pyrido(4,3b) indole] has been described as a drug with antihypoxic and antiarrhythmic cardioprotective properties. The antioxidative properties of this compound were studied during Cu(++)-mediated low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. Stobadine (concentration 0-5(More)
Adjuvant arthritis (AA) was induced by intradermal administration of Mycobacterium butyricum to the tail of Lewis rats. In sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of skeletal muscles, we investigated the development of AA. SR Ca(2+)-ATPase (SERCA) activity decreased on day 21, suggesting possible conformational changes in the transmembrane part of the enzyme,(More)
OBJECTIVES To study possible oxidation of proteins and lipids in plasma and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) from skeletal muscles and to assess the effects of pyridoindole antioxidants in rats with adjuvant arthritis (AA) and to analyze modulation of Ca-ATPase activity from SR (SERCA). METHODS SR was isolated by ultracentrifugation, protein carbonyls in(More)
Pycnogenol (PYC), a procyanidin-rich extract of French maritime pine bark (Pinus pinaster) has strong antioxidant potential and promotes cellular health. The aim of this study was to investigate a possible cooperation of natural antioxidant PYC with synthetic antioxidants ascorbic acid and trolox in the model system of lipid peroxidation determined as(More)
The aim of this study was to further clarify which part of human low density lipoprotein (LDL) is attacked by the MPO/H2O2/Cl- -system and which reactive oxygen species is responsible for the attack. Therefore the influence of this system on the modification of the lipid and protein moiety of LDL was studied in vitro. Using the monochlorodimedone assay it(More)
Alterations in the levels of glutathione, glutathione disulfide, malondialdehyde, and the activity of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase in nonischemic and ischemic parts of the left ventricle and in the right ventricle were studied in canine hearts after occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery for 60 minutes and subsequent reperfusion for 20(More)
Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) concentration-dependently decreased ATPase activity and SH groups of pure Ca-ATPase from sarcoplasmic reticulum (SERCA) of rabbit skeletal muscle with IC(50) of 150 micromol/l and 6.6 micromol/l, respectively. This indicates that SH groups were not critical for impairment of Ca-ATPase activity. Pure Ca-ATPase activity was analysed(More)
Stobadine (ST), a novel drug with pyridoindol structure, was recently found to prevent reperfusion injury in rat brain. The aim of the present study was to reveal whether ST may prevent peroxidative changes in the heart and brain that were triggered by postischemic reperfusion of the brain. In the brain, reperfusion significantly increased the contents of(More)