Lubica Dráberová

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The first step in immunoreceptor signaling is represented by ligand-dependent receptor aggregation, followed by receptor phosphorylation mediated by tyrosine kinases of the Src family. Recently, sphingolipid- and cholesterol-rich plasma membrane microdomains, called lipid rafts, have been identified and proposed to function as platforms where signal(More)
Engagement of the Fcepsilon receptor I (FcepsilonRI) on mast cells and basophils initiates signaling pathways leading to degranulation. Early activation events include tyrosine phosphorylation of two transmembrane adaptor proteins, linker for activation of T cells (LAT) and non-T cell activation linker (NTAL; also called LAB; a product of Wbscr5 gene).(More)
Antibody-mediated cross-linking of Thy-1 glycoprotein on the surface of rat mast cells and rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cells initiates biochemical events which culminate in secretion of allergy mediators. Thy-1, like some other glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins, forms detergent-insoluble complexes containing protein tyrosine kinases(More)
The transmembrane adaptor protein NTAL (non-T-cell activation linker) participates in signalosome assembly in hematopoietic cells, but its exact role in cell physiology remains enigmatic. We report here that BM-derived mast cells from NTAL-deficient mice, responding to Ag alone or in combination with SCF, exhibit reduced spreading on fibronectin, enhanced(More)
Thy-1 is a surface glycoprotein that is attached to the plasma membrane by a glycosyl-phosphatidyl-inositol anchor. Crosslinking of Thy-1 in rat mast cells and basophilic leukemia cells (RBL-2H3) induces cell activation including histamine release and tyrosine phosphorylation of several proteins. Here we show that glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol-linked Thy-1(More)
An interaction of multivalent antigen with its IgE bound to the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) on the surface of mast cells or basophils initiates a series of signaling events leading to degranulation and release of inflammatory mediators. Earlier studies showed that the first biochemically defined step in this signaling cascade is tyrosine(More)
Glycoconjugates bearing oligosaccharide Lex, Galbeta1-->4(Fucalpha1-->3)GlcNAcbeta1-->3R, are found on the surface of several cell types. Although recent studies have indicated that Lexon both glycosphingolipids (GSL) and polylactosaminoglycans can mediate under certain experimental conditions Lex-Lexinteractions, cell-cell interactions based exclusively on(More)
The molecular mechanisms controlling microtubule formation in cells with non-centrosomal microtubular arrays are not yet fully understood. The key component of microtubule nucleation is gamma-tubulin. Although previous results suggested that tyrosine kinases might serve as regulators of gamma-tubulin function, their exact roles remain enigmatic. In the(More)
Lateral cross-linking of transmembrane high-affinity IgE receptors (FcepsilonRI) or glycosylphosphatidylinositol-anchored Thy-1 glycoproteins on the surface of rat mast cells and rat basophilic leukemia (RBL) cells triggers the signaling pathways that lead to the release of allergy mediators. Although both of these pathways are initiated by an increased(More)
Aggregation of the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) initiates a cascade of signaling events leading to release of preformed inflammatory and allergy mediators and de novo synthesis and secretion of cytokines and other compounds. The first biochemically well defined step of this signaling cascade is tyrosine phosphorylation of the FcεRI subunits by Src(More)