Lubbert Dijkhuizen

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The filamentous fungus Aspergillus niger is widely exploited by the fermentation industry for the production of enzymes and organic acids, particularly citric acid. We sequenced the 33.9-megabase genome of A. niger CBS 513.88, the ancestor of currently used enzyme production strains. A high level of synteny was observed with other aspergilli sequenced.(More)
Rhodococcus sp. strain RHA1, a soil bacterium related to Mycobacterium tuberculosis, degrades an exceptionally broad range of organic compounds. Transcriptomic analysis of cholesterol-grown RHA1 revealed a catabolic pathway predicted to proceed via 4-androstene-3,17-dione and 3,4-dihydroxy-9,10-seconandrost-1,3,5(10)-triene-9,17-dione (3,4-DHSA).(More)
Cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) is an enzyme of the alpha-amylase family, which uses a double displacement mechanism to process alpha-linked glucose polymers. We have determined two X-ray structures of CGTase complexes, one with an intact substrate at 2.1 A resolution, and the other with a covalently bound reaction intermediate at 1.8 A(More)
The cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase, EC gene from Bacillus circulans strain 251 was cloned and sequenced. It was found to code for a mature protein of 686 amino acid residues, showing 75% identity to the CGTase from B. circulans strain 8. The X-ray structure of the CGTase was elucidated in a maltodextrin-dependent crystal form and refined(More)
Streptomycetes exhibit a complex morphological differentiation. After a submerged mycelium has been formed, filaments grow into the air to septate into spores. A class of eight hydrophobic secreted proteins, ChpA-H, was shown to be instrumental in the development of Streptomyces coelicolor. Mature forms of ChpD-H are up to 63 amino acids in length, and(More)
Members of the genera Streptococcus and Leuconostoc synthesize various alpha-glucans (dextran, alternan and mutan). In Lactobacillus, until now, the only glucosyltransferase (GTF) enzyme that has been characterized is gtfA of Lactobacillus reuteri 121, the first GTF enzyme synthesizing a glucan (reuteran) that contains mainly alpha-(1-->4) linkages together(More)
The genetically well-known strain Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) produces the pH indicator (red/blue) antibiotic actinorhodin, but not all the "blue pigment" produced by this strain is actinorhodin. When the organism was subjected to various nutrient limitations (ammonium, nitrate, phosphate, or trace elements), and also during growth cessation caused by a(More)
This paper reports the first method for the construction of unmarked gene deletion mutants in the genus Rhodococcus. Unmarked deletion of the kstD gene, encoding 3-ketosteroid Delta1-dehydrogenase (KSTD1) in Rhodococcus erythropolis SQ1, was achieved using the sacB counter-selection system. Conjugative mobilization of the mutagenic plasmid from Escherichia(More)
Asp-229, Glu-257, and Asp-328 constitute the catalytic residues in cyclodextrin glycosyl transferase from Bacillus circulans strain 251. Via site-directed mutagenesis constructed D229N, E257Q, and D328N mutant proteins showed a 4,000-60,000-fold reduction of cyclization activity. A D229N/E257Q double mutant showed a 700,000-fold reduction and was(More)
Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) employ sucrase-type enzymes to convert sucrose into homopolysaccharides consisting of either glucosyl units (glucans) or fructosyl units (fructans). The enzymes involved are labeled glucansucrases (GS) and fructansucrases (FS), respectively. The available molecular, biochemical, and structural information on sucrase genes and(More)