Luana Schito

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Most cases of breast cancer (BrCa) mortality are due to vascular metastasis. BrCa cells must intravasate through endothelial cells (ECs) to enter a blood vessel in the primary tumor and then adhere to ECs and extravasate at the metastatic site. In this study we demonstrate that inhibition of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) activity in BrCa cells by RNA(More)
Metastasis involves critical interactions between cancer and stromal cells. Intratumoral hypoxia promotes metastasis through activation of hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). We demonstrate that HIFs mediate paracrine signaling between breast cancer cells (BCCs) and mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) to promote metastasis. In a mouse orthotopic implantation model,(More)
Lymphatic dissemination from the primary tumor is a major mechanism by which breast cancer cells access the systemic circulation, resulting in distant metastasis and mortality. Numerous studies link activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) with tumor angiogenesis, metastasis, and patient mortality. However, the role of HIF-1 in lymphatic(More)
The role of hypoxia in regulating tumor progression is still controversial. Here, we demonstrate that, similarly to what previously observed by us in human prostate and breast tumor samples, hypoxia increases expression of the receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and the purinergic receptor P2X7 (P2X7R). The role of hypoxia was shown by the(More)
Adaptation to hypoxia through activation of the hypoxia inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) is crucial for tumor cells survival. Here we describe the antitumoral effects of the new molecule CR 3294 on tumor cells in the presence of hypoxia. Treatment of the breast carcinoma cell line MDA-MB-231 with CR 3294 in 1% O(2) resulted in an in vivo and in vitro inhibition(More)
Survival strategies adopted by tumor cells in response to a hypoxic stress include activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) and autophagy. However, the importance and the function of each molecular response is not well defined. In the present study, we investigated invasiveness, migration, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) activity, and cell survival(More)
HIF1α and NFkB are two transcription factors very frequently activated in tumors and involved in tumor growth, progression, and resistance to chemotherapy. In fact, HIF1α and NFkB together regulate transcription of over a thousand genes that, in turn, control vital cellular processes such as adaptation to the hypoxia, metabolic reprograming, inflammatory(More)
Hypoxia (low O2) is an essential microenvironmental driver of phenotypic diversity in human solid cancers. Hypoxic cancer cells hijack evolutionarily conserved, O2- sensitive pathways eliciting molecular adaptations that impact responses to radiotherapy, tumor recurrence and patient survival. In this review, we summarize the radiobiological, genetic,(More)
Hypoxia (low O2) is a pathobiological hallmark of solid cancers, resulting from the imbalance between cellular O2 consumption and availability. Hypoxic cancer cells (CCs) stimulate blood vessel sprouting (angiogenesis), aimed at restoring O2 delivery to the expanding tumor masses through the activation of a transcriptional program mediated by(More)
The role of tumor cells in synthesizing pro-inflammatory molecules is still controversial. Here we report that hypoxic treatment of the MCF-7 human mammary adenocarcinoma cell line induced activation of hypoxia-inducible factor 1alpha (HIF-1alpha) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappaB). Importantly, hypoxia regulated expression of alarmin receptors such as(More)