Luana Lionetto

Learn More
The efficacy and safety of OnabotulinumtoxinA (BOTOX®) in adults with chronic migraine (CM) were demonstrated in the PREEMPT program. However, the dosage used in this study was flexible from 155 U to 195 U at the physician’s discretion. Therefore, the objective of this prospective study was to compare the efficacy and safety of OnabotulinumtoxinA 195 U vs.(More)
Cinnabarinic acid is an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway that meets the structural requirements to interact with glutamate receptors. We found that cinnabarinic acid acts as a partial agonist of type 4 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu4) receptors, with no activity at other mGlu receptor subtypes. We also tested the activity of cinnabarinic acid(More)
The efficacy and safety of OnabotulinumtoxinA 155-195 U (BOTOX(®)) in adults with chronic migraine (CM) were demonstrated in both the Phase III Research Evaluating Migraine Prophylaxis Therapy (PREEMPT) studies. However, data about its long-term efficacy and safety in clinical settings are scanty. Therefore, the objective of this study is to evaluate(More)
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) is a major chemotherapy drug used for the treatment of tumors. It is catabolized mainly by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase, and patients with a complete or partial deficiency of dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase activity are at risk of developing severe 5-FU-associated toxicity. The aim of this study was to demonstrate that intact(More)
Epigenetic mechanisms are involved in the pathophysiology of depressive disorders and are unique potential targets for therapeutic intervention. The acetylating agent L-acetylcarnitine (LAC), a well-tolerated drug, behaves as an antidepressant by the epigenetic regulation of type 2 metabotropic glutamate (mGlu2) receptors. It caused a rapid and long-lasting(More)
The kynurenine pathway of tryptophan metabolism has been implicated in the pathophysiology of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia. We report here that the kynurenine metabolite, xanturenic acid (XA), interacts with, and activates mGlu2 and mGlu3 metabotropic glutamate receptors in heterologous expression systems. However, the molecular nature of(More)
Cinnabarinic acid (CA) is an endogenous metabolite of the kynurenine pathway which acts as an orthosteric agonist of type-4 metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGlu4). We now report that systemic administration of CA (0.1-10 mg/kg, i.p.) was highly protective against experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) induced by the myelin oligodendrocyte(More)
Spinocerebellar ataxia type 1 (SCA1) is a genetic disorder characterized by severe ataxia associated with progressive loss of cerebellar Purkinje cells. The mGlu1 metabotropic glutamate receptor plays a key role in mechanisms of activity-dependent synaptic plasticity in the cerebellum, and its dysfunction is linked to the pathophysiology of motor symptoms(More)
OBJECTIVES Lactulose to mannitol ratio (L/M) in urine is used as a non invasive assay to measure intestinal permeability. We describe here a rapid, specific and sensitive LC-MS/MS method for the measurement of these compounds in urine of children affected by abdominal recurrent pain (ARP). DESIGN AND METHODS The study has been performed on 50 children(More)