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We have characterized the progressive stages of chronic intestinal inflammation that develops spontaneously in specific pathogen-free (SPF) mice with a targeted disruption in the IL-10 gene (IL-10-/-). Our longitudinal studies showed that inflammatory changes first appear in the cecum, ascending and transverse colon of 3-wk-old mutants. As the disease(More)
Little is known about the functional differences between the human skin myeloid dendritic cell (DC) subsets, epidermal CD207(+) Langerhans cells (LCs) and dermal CD14(+) DCs. We showed that CD14(+) DCs primed CD4(+) T cells into cells that induce naive B cells to switch isotype and become plasma cells. In contrast, LCs preferentially induced the(More)
We recently reported that human epidermal Langerhans cells (LCs) are more efficient than dermal CD14(+) DCs at priming naive CD8(+) T cells into potent CTLs. We hypothesized that distinctive dendritic cell (DC) cytokine expression profiles (ie, IL-15 produced by LCs and IL-10 expressed by dermal CD14(+) DCs) might explain the observed functional difference.(More)
Stem cell factor (SCF) possesses many mast cell-stimulating activities, including the ability to support the growth of mucosal-like mast cells (MMCs) and connective tissue mast cells (CTMCs). However, this study shows that, in the absence of accessory cells, SCF does not stimulate the clonal growth of primitive mast cell progenitors. Nevertheless, SCF(More)
We have characterized the mast cell stimulating activity of murine cytokine synthesis inhibitory factor, referred to as interleukin 10 (IL-10). It was found that IL-10 alone failed to support the growth of mast cell lines and mast cell progenitors. Nevertheless, it dramatically enhanced their growth when combined with IL-3 or IL-4. Moreover, IL-4 plus IL-10(More)
Mice rendered deficient in the production of interleukin 10 (IL-10-/-) develop a chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that predominates in the colon and shares histopathological features with human IBD. Our aim was to identify which cell type(s) can mediate colitis in IL-10-/- mice. We detected an influx of immunoglobulin-positive cells into the colon(More)
We evaluated human CD8(+) T-cell responses generated by targeting antigens to dendritic cells (DCs) through various lectin receptors. We found the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif-containing DC immunoreceptor (DCIR) to mediate potent cross-presentation. A single exposure to a low dose of anti-DCIR-antigen conjugate initiated antigen-specific(More)
Lymphatic dysfunction causes several human diseases, and tumor lymphangiogenesis is implicated in cancer spreading. TBX1 is the major gene for DiGeorge syndrome, which is associated with multiple congenital anomalies. Mutation of Tbx1 in mice recapitulates the human disease phenotype. In this study, we use molecular, cellular, and genetic approaches to(More)
Systems immunology approaches were employed to investigate innate and adaptive immune responses to influenza and pneumococcal vaccines. These two non-live vaccines show different magnitudes of transcriptional responses at different time points after vaccination. Software solutions were developed to explore correlates of vaccine efficacy measured as antibody(More)
We have shown that continuous treatment of mice from birth to adulthood with neutralizing anti-IL-10 antibodies leads to specific depletion of Ly1 B cells, while conventional B cells remain normal in terms of number, phenotype, and function. Extending our characterization of these animals, we show here that anti-IL-10 treated mice can be distinguished from(More)