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The drug metabolizing enzyme cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) is thought to be involved in the metabolism of nearly 50% of all the drugs currently prescribed. Alteration in the activity or expression of this enzyme seems to be a key predictor of drug responsiveness and toxicity. Currently available studies indicate that the ligand-activated nuclear receptors(More)
MDR1 (P-glycoprotein) is an important factor in the disposition of many drugs, and the involved processes often exhibit considerable interindividual variability that may be genetically determined. Single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis and direct sequencing of exonic MDR1 deoxyribonucleic acid from 37 healthy European American and 23 healthy(More)
Many clinically important drug interactions occur due to inhibition of human liver cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) metabolism. The drug efflux pump P-glycoprotein (Pgp) can be an additional locus contributing to these drug interactions because there is overlap in drugs that are substrates for both proteins. We screened a number of CYP3A inhibitors (macrolide(More)
Using in vitro data, we previously built Catalyst 3-dimensional quantitative structure activity relationship (3D-QSAR) models that qualitatively rank and predict IC(50) values for P-glycoprotein (P-gp) inhibitors. These models were derived and tested with data for inhibition of digoxin transport, calcein accumulation, vinblastine accumulation, and(More)
To gather further insight into the interaction between P-glycoprotein (Pgp) and its substrates, 167 compounds were analyzed in multidrug resistant human colon carcinoma cells. These compounds were selected from the National Cancer Institute Drug Screen repository using computer-generated correlations with known Pgp substrates and antagonists. The compounds(More)
The multidrug resistance protein MRP4, a member of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily, confers resistance to purine-based antiretroviral agents. However, the antiviral agent ganciclovir (GCV) has not been shown to be a substrate of MRP4. GCV is important not only in antiviral therapy, but also in the selective killing of tumor cells modified to express(More)
We determined whether the drug efflux protein P-glycoprotein (Pgp) could influence the extent of CYP3A-mediated metabolism of erythromycin, a widely used model substrate for CYP3A. We compared CYP3A metabolism of erythromycin (a Pgp substrate) using the erythromycin breath test in mice proficient and deficient of mdr1 drug transporters. We first injected(More)
P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is an efflux transporter involved in limiting the oral bioavailability and tissue penetration of a variety of structurally divergent molecules. A better understanding of the structural requirements of modulators of P-gp function will aid in the design of therapeutic agents. Toward this goal, three-dimensional quantitative(More)
We determined the kinetic parameters that describe the effect of 20 different modulators of the multidrug resistance pump on the reversal of cytotoxin accumulation in a resistant strain of P388 leukemia cells (P388/ADR), and on the reversal of cell killing for these cells. When measured by a direct comparison of the amplitude of the pertinent protocol(More)
Sister of P-glycoprotein (SPGP), a novel murine cDNA and member of the ATP-binding cassette superfamily highly homologous to P-glycoprotein (Pgp), was cloned. Moreover, its genomic clone was isolated and localized to chromosome 2 by fluorescence in situ hybridization. SPGP was functionally evaluated relative to MDR1 after subcloning SPGP cDNA into a(More)