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A cell line has been established from human placentae at the first trimester of normal pregnancy. The cell line was obtained by culture of purified cytotrophoblast cells in serum-free medium supplemented with epidermal growth factor, insulin, dexamethasone and 0.1% bovine serum albumin. The cells can be subcultured for >30 passages in one to three splits.(More)
The neuroanatomical distribution of androgen receptor (AR) mRNA-containing cells in the brain of a vocal lizard, Gekko gecko, was mapped using in situ hybridization. Particular attention was given to auditory and vocal nuclei. Within the auditory system, the cochlear nuclei, the central nucleus of the torus semicircularis, the nucleus medialis, and the(More)
Smad proteins have recently been shown to be downstream signaling molecules that transduce TGF-beta signals from cell surface to the nucleus. To determine the mechanisms of TGF-beta action in human trophoblast cells, we investigated the expression and regulation of Smad2,3,4, and 7 mRNAs in a normal trophoblast cell line, NPC, and a cell line derived from(More)
The human placenta contains many kinds of bioactive substances which are more or less similar to those from the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis. Most of the studies were carried out mainly with term placenta. The present study, therefore, was attempted to identify, quantify and characterize these substances in the human placenta at the early pregnancy.(More)
Dietary protein or amino acid (AA) is a crucial nutritional factor to regulate hepatic insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) expression and secretion. However, the underlying intracellular mechanism by which dietary protein or AA induces IGF-1 expression remains unknown. We compared the IGF-1 gene expression and plasma IGF-1 level of pigs fed with normal(More)
It has been implicated that IGF-1 secretion can be regulated by dietary protein. However, whether the dipeptides, one of digested products of dietary protein, have influence on IGF-1 secretion remain largely unknown. Our study aimed to investigate the effects of the dipeptide Pro-Asp on IGF-1 secretion and expression in hepatocytes and to explore the(More)
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