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Microsporogenesis and male gametogenesis are essential for the alternating life cycle of flowering plants between diploid sporophyte and haploid gametophyte generations. Rice (Oryza sativa) is the world's major staple food, and manipulation of pollen fertility is particularly important for the demands to increase rice grain yield. Towards a better(More)
AGAMOUS-LIKE6 (AGL6) genes play essential roles in flower development, but whether and how they work with floral organ identity genes remain less understood. Here, we describe interactions of the rice (Oryza sativa) AGL6 gene MADS6 with other rice floral homeotic genes in flower development. Genetic analyses revealed that MADS6 specifies the identity of the(More)
Plant R2R3-MYB transcription factor genes are widely distributed in higher plants and play important roles in the regulation of many secondary metabolites at the transcriptional level. In this study, a chrysanthemum subgroup 4 R2R3-MYB transcription factor gene, designated CmMYB1, was isolated through screening chrysanthemum EST (expressed sequence tag)(More)
The aim of this study was to construct and evaluate the immunity efficacy of the DNA multivalent vaccine pVIVO(2)SjFABP-23. The vaccine was constructed and produced as follows. Forty BALB/c mice were divided into four groups designated pVIVO(2), pVIVO(2)Sj23, pVIVO(2)SjFABP and pVIVO(2)SjFABP-23. Each mouse was immunized with 100 mug of the corresponding(More)
ICE (Inducer of CBF Expression) family genes play an important role in the regulation of cold tolerance pathways. In an earlier study, we isolated the gene CdICE1 from Chrysanthemum dichrum and demonstrated that freezing tolerance was enhanced by CdICE1 overexpression. Therefore, we sought to determine the mechanism by which ICE1 family genes participate in(More)
Grass plants develop unique floral patterns that determine grain production. However, the molecular mechanism underlying the specification of floral organ identities and meristem determinacy, including the interaction among floral homeotic genes, remains largely unknown in grasses. Here, we report the interactions of rice (Oryza sativa) floral homeotic(More)
A lack of competence to form adventitious roots by cuttings of Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium) is an obstacle for the rapid fixation of elite genotypes. We performed a proteomic analysis of cutting bases of chrysanthemum cultivar ‘Jinba’ during adventitious root formation (ARF) in order to identify rooting ability associated protein and/or to get(More)
Many password authentication schemes have been proposed for electronic commerce environment; however, none of them is secure enough. Hwang and Yeh proposed an improvement on the Peyravian-Zunic password authentication scheme including protected password transmission and password change. We demonstrate that the Hwang-Yeh scheme is also vulnerable to several(More)
Anther cuticle and pollen exine act as protective envelopes for the male gametophyte or pollen grain, but the mechanism underlying the synthesis of these lipidic polymers remains unclear. Previously, a tapetum-expressed CYP703A3, a putative cytochrome P450 fatty acid hydroxylase, was shown to be essential for male fertility in rice (Oryza sativa L.).(More)
DNA vaccine encoding a multivalent antigen is a novel approach of protective immunization. Four Schistosoma japonicum candidate antigen genes, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (SjGAPDH), 23 kDa transmembrane protein (Sj23), 14 kDa fatty-acid binding protein (SjFABP) and 26 kDa glutathione-S-transferase (Sj26), are recombined into two pieces of(More)