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Here, we describe an automated nonparametric method for evaluating gadolinium-diethylene triamine pentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) kinetics, based on dynamic contrast-enhanced-MRI scans of glioblastoma patients taken before and after treatment with bevacizumab; no specific model or equation structure is assumed or used. Tumor and venous blood concentration-time(More)
An improved method based on an ensemble of Monte Carlo uninformative variable elimination (EMCUVE) is presented for wavelength selection in multivariate calibration of spectral data. The proposed algorithm introduces Monte Carlo (MC) strategy to uninformative variable elimination-PLS (UVE-PLS) instead of leave-one-out strategy for estimating the(More)
This paper focuses on a rapid and nondestructive way to discriminate the geographical origin of Anxi-Tieguanyin tea by near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy and chemometrics. 450 representative samples were collected from Anxi County, the original producing area of Tieguanyin tea, and another 120 Tieguanyin samples with similar appearance were collected from(More)
This study demonstrated the microbial purification of a model wastewater containing 2,4,6-trinitrophenol (TNP), which was carried out in a continuously working biological aerated filter (BAF). The main emphasis was on the operating performance of the reactor as a function of the pollution load. TNP was degraded at a maximum volumetric removal rate of(More)
Preprocessing of raw near-infrared (NIR) spectral data is indispensable in multivariate calibration when the measured spectra are subject to significant noises, baselines and other undesirable factors. However, due to the lack of sufficient prior information and an incomplete knowledge of the raw data, NIR spectra preprocessing in multivariate calibration(More)
Dynamic contrast enhanced MRI contrast agent kinetics in malignant tumors are typically complex, requiring multicompartment tumor models for adequate description. For consistent comparisons among tumors or among successive studies of the same tumor, we propose to estimate the total contrast agent-accessible volume fraction of tumor, including blood plasma,(More)
This paper develops a rapid analysis method for adulteration identification of a popular traditional Chinese food, lotus root powder (LRP), by near-infrared spectroscopy and chemometrics. 85 pure LRP samples were collected from 7 main lotus producing areas of China to include most if not all of the significant variations likely to be encountered in unknown(More)
This paper investigates the feasibility of using FT-NIR spectroscopy and chemometrics for rapid analysis of poplar balata (PB) in Chinese propolis. Because practical adulterations usually involve addition of certain known active components, together with commercial PB, the commonly targeted analysis methods are insufficient to identify PB-adulterated(More)
In ordinary multivariate calibration methods, when the calibration set is determined to build the model describing the relationship between the dependent variables and the predictor variables, each sample in the calibration set makes the same contribution to the model, where the difference of representativeness between the samples is ignored. In this paper,(More)
Multivariate spectral analysis has been widely applied in chemistry and other fields. Spectral data consisting of measurements at hundreds and even thousands of analytical channels can now be obtained in a few seconds. It is widely accepted that before a multivariate regression model is built, a well-performed variable selection can be helpful to improve(More)