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We derive effective equations for wave propagation in a bubbly liquid in a linearized low-frequency regime by a multiple-scale method. The effective equations are valid for finite volume fraction. For periodic bubble configurations, effective equations uniformly valid for small volume fraction are obtained. We compare the results to the ones obtained in a… (More)
We derive a system of effective equations for wave propagation in a bubbly liquid. Starting from a microscopic description, we obtain the effective equations by using Foldy's approximation in a nonlinear setting. We discuss in detail the range of validity of the effective equations as well as some of their properties.
Formulas are presented for an incompressible inviscid velocity field V with a vorticity field Ω outside of a rigid sphere and for the far-field sound generation. The velocity V is expressed as the sum of an image velocity v * and a known velocity v in 3 , which is induced by the same vorticity field Ω outside the sphere and the extension Ω = 0 inside. We… (More)
This paper presents a novel integrated control scheme for three-level neutral point clamped (NPC) based PWM rectifier-inverter. Two measures are taken to minimize the size of dc-bus capacitors which are expensive, bulky and have a lifetime limit. Firstly, the direct power control (DPC) for front-end three-level PWM rectifier is applied, which will provide… (More)
AIMS Chronic kidney disease is directly associated with cardiovascular complications. Heart remodelling, including fibrosis, hypertrophy, and decreased vascularization, is frequently present in renal diseases. Our objective was to investigate the impact of calcineurin inhibitors (CNI) on cardiac remodelling and function in a rat model of renal disease. … (More)