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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the myocardial protective effect of exogenous creatine phosphate added to a cardioplegic solution for elderly patients undergoing a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) in China. METHODS Twenty-four patients (age>65 years) who underwent CABG were randomly divided into a control group (n=12) and an experimental group (n=12). The(More)
New diffractive imaging techniques using coherent x-ray beams have made possible nanometer-scale resolution imaging by replacing the optics in a microscope with an iterative phase retrieval algorithm. However, to date very high resolution imaging (< 40 nm) was limited to large-scale synchrotron facilities. Here, we present a significant advance in image(More)
OBJECTIVE We compared a three-drug combination therapy (control group) consisting of tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and corticosteroids in living donor renal transplantation with a four-drug combination therapy (study group), in which the doses of tacrolimus and mycophenolate mofetil were halved and the immunosuppressive drug mizoribine was added, in(More)
BACKGROUND A lack of awareness of the long-term consequences of the menopause may be a major contributing factor to the low demand for hormone replacement therapy in Hong Kong and China. Most Chinese women suffer few acute menopausal symptoms, and it was our hypothesis that they had little knowledge of the risks of developing either osteoporosis or(More)
OBJECTIVES To measure interleukin-6 levels in a protamine sulfate-induced chronic cystitis rat model treated with hyaluronic acid, and to study the correlation among interleukin-6, bladder inflammatory degree and voiding frequency. METHODS A chronic cystitis model was created in female rats by using long-term intermittent intravesical protamine sulfate(More)
A method to reduce coherent noise in digital holographic phase contrast microscopy is proposed. By slightly shifting the specimen, a series of digital holograms with different coherent noise patterns is recorded. Each hologram is reconstructed individually, while the different phase tilts of the reconstructed complex amplitudes due to the specimen shifts(More)
To describe the trends of the HIV epidemic among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Chengdu city, China, consecutive cross-sectional surveys were conducted by the Chengdu Center for Disease Control and Prevention. These surveys were carried out between 2009 and 2014 according to the protocol of the national HIV Sentinel Surveillance System. For the 2422 MSM(More)
We report here on terahertz (THz) digital holography on a biological specimen. A continuous-wave (CW) THz in-line holographic setup was built based on a 2.52 THz CO(2) pumped THz laser and a pyroelectric array detector. We introduced novel statistical method of obtaining true intensity values for the pyroelectric array detector's pixels. Absorption and(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether a potential rat model of bladder pain syndrome could be developed through long-term intermittent intravesical hyaluronidase. METHODS A total of 64 female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into a control group, a low-dose hyaluronidase (1 mg/mL) group, a high-dose hyaluronidase (4 mg/mL) group and a hyaluronic acid-treated(More)
Terahertz waves provide a better contrast in imaging soft biomedical tissues than X-rays, and unlike X-rays, they cause no ionisation damage, making them a good option for biomedical imaging. Terahertz absorption imaging has conventionally been used for cancer diagnosis. However, the absorption properties of a cancerous sample are influenced by two opposing(More)