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Gene expression data from microarrays are being applied to predict preclinical and clinical endpoints, but the reliability of these predictions has not been established. In the MAQC-II project, 36 independent teams analyzed six microarray data sets to generate predictive models for classifying a sample with respect to one of 13 endpoints indicative of lung(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to evaluate protective effects of brief repetitive bilateral arm ischemic preconditioning (BAIPC) on stroke recurrence in patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic intracranial arterial stenosis (IAS). METHODS A total of 68 consecutive cases with symptomatic IAS, diagnosed by imaging, were enrolled in this prospective and(More)
The gene encoding for the methionyl aminopeptidase from the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus (PfMetAP-II; EC 3.4.11.18) has been inserted into a pET 27b(+) vector and overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The new expression system resulted in a 5-fold increase in purified enzyme obtained from a 5 L fermentor growth. The as-purified PfMetAP-II(More)
Manganese(II) activation of the methionyl aminopeptidases from Escherichia coli (EcMetAP-I) and the hyperthermophilic archaeon Pyrococcus furiosus (PfMetAP-II) was investigated. Maximum catalytic activity for both enzymes was obtained with 1 equiv of Mn(II), and the dissociation constants (K(d)) for the first metal binding site were found to be 6 +/- 0.5(More)
In humans and rodents, the lysosomal catabolism of core Man(3)GlcNAc(2) N-glycan structures is catalyzed by the concerted action of several exoglycosidases, including a broad specificity lysosomal alpha-mannosidase (LysMan), core-specific alpha1,6-mannosidase, beta-mannosidase, and cleavage at the reducing terminus by a di-N-acetylchitobiase. We describe(More)
The terminal carbohydrate residues of the N-glycan on the immunoglobulin G (IgG) fragment crystallizable (Fc) determine whether IgG activates pro- or anti-inflammatory receptors. The IgG Fc alone becomes potently anti-inflammatory upon addition of α2-6-linked N-acetylneuraminic acid residues to the N-glycan, stimulating interest in use of this entity in(More)
Glycans that are either N-linked to asparagine or O-linked to serine or threonine are the hallmark of glycoproteins, a class of protein that dominates the mammalian proteome. These glycans perform important functions in cells and in some cases are required for protein activity. Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy is a powerful tool for studying(More)
BACKGROUND Prompt diagnosis of cerebral venous sinus thrombosis is a challenge owing in part to its complex and non-specific early clinical symptoms. OBJECTIVE This study aims to evaluate the value of clinically useful biomarkers (d-dimer and fibrinogen) for cerebral venous sinus thrombosis prediction. METHODS Two-hundred and thirty-three suspected(More)
We studied the effects of varying and steady-state concentrations of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on apoptosis and differentiation of several cell lines in vitro. We also studied the same effects of fluctuating vs constant concentrations of As2O3 in vivo in patients treated with daily 3-hour fast infusions or daily slow, continuous infusions. Intracellular(More)
A game of tag: N-Glycans on the surface of living cells were selectively tagged by exogenously administering recombinant ST6Gal I sialyltransferase and azide-modified CMP-Neu5Ac. This modification was followed by a strain-promoted cycloaddition using a biotin-modified dibenzylcyclooctynol (red star=biotin). The methodology will make it possible to dissect(More)