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Brain tumors are the most common solid tumors of childhood, and pilocytic astrocytomas (PA) are the most common central nervous system tumor in 5 to 19 year olds. Little is known about the genetic alterations underlying their development. Here, we describe a tandem duplication of approximately 2 Mb at 7q34 occurring in 66% of PAs. This rearrangement, which(More)
Influence is a complex and subtle force that governs the dynamics of social networks as well as the behaviors of involved users. Understanding influence can benefit various applications such as viral marketing, recommendation, and information retrieval. However, most existing works on social influence analysis have focused on verifying the existence of(More)
The capacity to respond to day length, photoperiodism, is crucial for flowering plants to adapt to seasonal change. The photoperiodic control of flowering in plants is mediated by a long-distance mobile floral stimulus called florigen that moves from leaves to the shoot apex. Although the proteins encoded by FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) in Arabidopsis and its(More)
Medulloblastomas and supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors are aggressive childhood tumors. We report our findings using array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) on a whole-genome BAC/PAC/cosmid array with a median clone separation of 0.97 Mb to study 34 medulloblastomas and 7 supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors. Array CGH allowed(More)
MapReduce has emerged as a popular method to process big data. In the past few years, however, not just big data, but fast data has also exploded in volume and availability. Examples of such data include sensor data streams, the Twit-ter Firehose, and Facebook updates. Numerous applications must process fast data. Can we provide a MapReduce-style framework(More)
The photoperiodic control of flowering in plants begins with the perception of seasonal changes in day length and consequential induction of a mobile floral stimulus in leaves. This stimulus called florigen is transported from leaves to the shoot apical meristem to provoke the initiation of floral meristems. Decades of efforts have identified that the(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical value of assessing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) amplification and the common 5′ rearrangement of EGFR resulting in the EGFRvIII transcript in astrocytic gliomas. Data from 221 tumours were correlated with patient survival. The majority of previous studies evaluated amplification alone and(More)
PURPOSE To quantify levels of subvisible particles and protein aggregates in repackaged bevacizumab obtained from compounding pharmacies, as well as in samples of bevacizumab and ranibizumab tested in controlled laboratory experiments. METHODS Repackaged bevacizumab was purchased from four external compounding pharmacies. For controlled laboratory(More)
OBJECTIVE Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common, highly heritable psychiatric disorder. Because of its multifactorial etiology, however, identifying the genes involved has been difficult. The authors followed up on recent findings suggesting that rare copy number variants (CNVs) may be important for ADHD etiology. METHOD The authors(More)