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A minority of cases of autism has been associated with several different organic conditions, including bioenergetic metabolism deficiency. In a population-based study, we screened associated medical conditions in a group of 120 children with autism (current age range 11y 5mo to 14y 4mo, mean age 12y 11mo [SD 9.6mo], male:female ratio 2.9:1). Children were(More)
In the large group of genetically undetermined infantile-onset mitochondrial encephalopathies, multiple defects of mitochondrial DNA-related respiratory-chain complexes constitute a frequent biochemical signature. In order to identify responsible genes, we used exome-next-generation sequencing in a selected cohort of patients with this biochemical(More)
Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is a maternally inherited mitochondrial disorder characterized by bilateral loss of central vision, most frequently found in young adult males. In most patients there are no other neurological manifestations and cerebral neuroimaging is normal, but some rare cases of "LHON plus" have been described. Classical LHON(More)
We present clinical, biochemical and cranial magnetic resonance imaging data of six pediatric patients with L-2-hydroxyglutaric aciduria. All the children have the same ethic origin and lived in the northern area of Portugal. Our findings reinforce the described phenotype of this rare metabolic disease with mental deficiency, severe cerebellar dysfunction,(More)
BACKGROUND Creatine transporter deficiency is a monogenic cause of X-linked intellectual disability. Since its first description in 2001 several case reports have been published but an overview of phenotype, genotype and phenotype--genotype correlation has been lacking. METHODS We performed a retrospective study of clinical, biochemical and molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MCADD) is the most common inherited defect in the mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation pathway, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality in undiagnosed patients.Newborn screening (NBS) has considerably improved MCADD outcome, but the risk of complication remains in some patients. The aim of(More)
Cerebral creatine transporter deficiency, attributable to mutations in the SLC6A8 gene, causes X-linked mental retardation, language delay, epilepsy, and autistic features. In contrast with creatine synthesis defects, the vast majority of patients with SLC6A8 deficiency do not respond to treatment. We describe a Portuguese family with a mutation (c.456C>T;(More)
The present study reviewed mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders diagnosed at the sole tertiary pediatric hospital in the Centro region of Portugal and estimated incidence and prevalence in this region. The Bernier criteria were used to retrospectively classify 200 children investigated from 1997 to 2006. A total of 78 patients were assigned with(More)
Nonketotic hyperglycinemia is a rare metabolic disorder with severe, frequently fatal, neurologic manifestations. Reliable and accurate diagnosis depends on careful interpretation of laboratory findings. The clinical suspicion should lead to determination of glycine in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid. Amino acid analysis presents diagnostic values for(More)
Succinyl-coenzyme A synthase is a mitochondrial matrix enzyme that catalyzes the reversible synthesis of succinate and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from succinyl-coenzyme A and adenosine diphosphate (ADP) in the tricarboxylic acid cycle. This enzyme is made up of α and β subunits encoded by SUCLG1 and SUCLA2, respectively. We present a child with severe(More)