Luísa Jorge

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In end-to-end connections it is sometimes not possible to find a totally disjoint path pair. In this context it may be reasonable to accept a path pair which is as disjoint as possible, and thus provide the best (in a certain sense) level of the single fault protection that can be ensured. A Shared Risk Link Group (SRLG) is a group of links which have a(More)
This paper presents views on how quantitative multiple criteria decision-making (MCDM) approaches may be applied to certain aspects of user experience design and evaluation (D&E) methods identification, emphasizing its strengths and weaknesses for this task. Often D&E methods need to be applied in contexts different of those they had been applied before and(More)
To provide dependable services MPLS networks make use of a set of procedures (detection, notification and fault recovery) which seek to ensure appropriate protection for the traffic carried in the LSPs. When a fault happens in the active LSP, the recovery scheme must redirect the traffic to a recovery path (the protection LSP or recovery LSP) which bypasses(More)
Keywords: OR in telecommunications Paths with minimal cost sum Dual arc costs Disjoint paths Routing optimisation in some types of networks requires the calculation of the minimal cost pair of disjoint paths such that the cost functions associated with the arcs in the two paths are different. An exact algorithm for solving this NP-complete problem is(More)
Due to the increasing dependence on network services of our society, research has recently been concentrating on enhancing traditional protection strategies to withstand large-scale failures, as in case of disaster events. The recently-formed EU-funded RECODIS project aims at coordinating and fostering research collaboration in Europe on disaster resiliency(More)
Recent natural disasters have revealed that emergency networks presently cannot disseminate the necessary disaster information, making it difficult to deploy and coordinate relief operations. These disasters have reinforced the knowledge that telecommunication networks constitute a critical infrastructure of our society, and the urgency in establishing(More)
Path protection is a fast and capacity-efficient approach for increasing the availability of end-to-end connections. However, sometimes it is not possible to obtain a fully disjoint path pair. In this case, it may be admissible to consider a path pair which is as disjoint as possible, and thus provide the best (in a certain sense) level of the single-fault(More)
A shared risk link group (SRLG) is a set of links which share a common risk of failure. Routing protocols in Generalized MultiProtocol Label Switching, using distributed SRLG information, can calculate paths avoiding certain SRLGs. For single SRLG failure an end-to-end SRLG-disjoint path pair can be calculated, but to ensure connection in the event of(More)
MultiProtocol Label Switching (MPLS) networks have been proposed as a solution to offer reliable, efficient and differentiated telecommunication services. Nowadays several applications require high quality service and cannot recover from traffic loss using retransmissions. Routing protocols can be robust and survivable but take a long time to recover from(More)