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Neospora caninum is a protozoan parasite of animals. Until 1988, it was misidentified as Toxoplasma gondii. Since its first recognition in dogs in 1984 and the description of the new genus and species Neospora caninum in 1988, neosporosis has emerged as a serious disease of cattle and dogs worldwide. Abortions and neonatal mortality are a major problem in(More)
Apicomplexan parasites include many parasites of importance either for livestock or as causative agents of human diseases. The importance of these parasites has been recognised by the European Commission and resulted in support of the COST (Cooperation in Science and Technology) Action 857 'Apicomplexan Biology in the Post-Genomic Era'. In this review we(More)
A prospective study was designed to investigate the presence of Neospora caninum in semen and blood of eight bulls seropositive to N. caninum using nested-PCR procedures. Positive semen and blood samples were bioassayed in a BALB/c nu/nu mouse model. Specific anti-N. caninum serological and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) responses were also studied. In(More)
An indirect ELISA based on a soluble extract of Besnoitia besnoiti tachyzoites was developed and standardised. A set of positive and negative reference bovine sera were characterised using an immunofluorescence antibody test and Western blot. A cut-off with a relative index per cent of 8.1 was determined for equal sensitivity and specificity (100 per cent)(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize the pathogenesis of Neospora caninum in experimentally inoculated pregnant water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Twelve Mediterranean female water buffaloes ranging in age from 4 to 14 years old and seronegative to N. caninum by indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) were involved. Ten females were intravenously(More)
In cattle, transplacental infection is the main route of Neospora caninum transmission, but postnatal transmission by the oral uptake of sporozoite-containing oocysts shed by dogs may also be possible. Other routes of horizontal transmission, such as the venereal route, have not been investigated. In this study, we evaluated the presence of N. caninum DNA(More)
Neospora caninum is a world-wide parasite that causes neuromuscular disorders in dogs and bovine abortion. Biological diversity among isolates has been proved in both in vivo and in vitro studies. In contrast, little is known about the genetic diversity of this parasite. Microsatellite sequence analysis constitutes a suitable tool that has been used for the(More)
Neospora caninum tachyzoites were isolated from the brain of an asymptomatic naturally infected calf with precolostral-specific antibodies. The new isolate, named Nc-Spain 1H, was identified as a member of the N. caninum species based on its internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS-1) sequence and was genetically characterized using microsatellite markers.(More)
Neospora caninum is a cyst-forming parasite that causes abortion in cattle. Despite this parasite's ubiquitous distribution and wide host range, the number of N. caninum isolates obtained to date is limited. In vitro isolation of the parasite is arduous and often unsuccessful. In addition, most isolates have been obtained from clinically affected hosts and(More)
The Nc-Spain 1H isolate of Neospora caninum, which was newly obtained from the brain of a congenitally asymptomatic infected calf, demonstrated a reduced in vitro tachyzoite yield and viability rate, as well as low virulence in mouse models. The objective of the present study was to determine the ability of this isolate to induce foetal death in a pregnant(More)