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Large unilamellar vesicles of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine/cholesterol mixtures were studied using fluorescence techniques (steady-state fluorescence intensity and anisotropy, fluorescence lifetime, and fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)). Three compositions (cholesterol mole fraction 0.15, 0.20, and 0.25) and two temperatures (30 and 40(More)
The aggregation of delta 5,7,9(11),22-ergostatetraen-3 beta-ol (dehydroergosterol or DHE), a fluorescent analog of cholesterol, was studied by photophysical techniques. It was concluded that the aqueous dispersions of DHE consist of strongly fluorescent microcrystals, and no evidence for self-quenching in micellar-type aggregates was found. The organization(More)
Resonance energy transfer between octadecyl rhodamine B (donor) and 1,1',3,3,3',3'-hexamethylindotricarbocyanine (acceptor) was studied in a model system of membranes (large unilamellar vesicles of dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine), using both steady-state and time-resolved techniques. In the fluid phase (temperature = 50 degrees C) the decay law and the(More)
100-ns molecular dynamics simulations of fluid 1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (DPPC) bilayers, both pure and containing 7-nitrobenz-2-oxa-1,3-diazol-4-yl (NBD) acyl-chain labeled fluorescent analogs (C6-NBD-PC and C12-NBD-PC), are described. These molecules are widely used as probes for lipid structure and dynamics. The results obtained here(More)
T-1249 is a HIV fusion inhibitor peptide under clinical trials. Its interaction with biological membrane models (large unilamellar vesicles) was studied using fluorescence spectroscopy. A gp41 peptide that includes one of the hydrophobic terminals of T-1249 was also studied. Both peptides partition extensively to liquid-crystalline POPC(More)
A non-ideal lipid binary mixture (dilauroylphosphatidylcholine/distearoylphosphatidylcholine), which exhibits gel/fluid phase coexistence for wide temperature and composition ranges, was studied using photophysical techniques, namely fluorescence anisotropy, lifetime and resonance energy transfer (FRET) measurements. The FRET donor,(More)
Membrane proteins exhibit different affinities for different lipid species, and protein-lipid selectivity regulates the membrane composition in close proximity to the protein, playing an important role in the formation of nanoscale membrane heterogeneities. The sensitivity of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) for distances of 10 A up to 100 A is(More)
The ternary lipid system palmitoylsphingomyelin (PSM)/palmitoyloleoylphosphatidylcholine (POPC)/cholesterol is a model for lipid rafts. Previously the phase diagram for that mixture was obtained, establishing the composition and boundaries for lipid rafts. In the present work, this system is further studied in order to characterize the size of the rafts.(More)
The application of fluorescence methodologies to obtain information about the extent, dynamics and topology of peptide interaction with binary phospholipid (mainly zwitterionic/anionic) mixtures is reviewed. First, general approaches based on peptide (tryptophan residues) fluorescence properties that give information about its partition, location and(More)
Membrane microdomains and their involvement in cellular processes are part of the current paradigm of biomembranes. However, a better characterization of domains, namely lipid rafts, is needed. In this review, it is shown how the use of time-resolved fluorescence, with the adequate parameters and probes, helps elucidating the type, number, fraction,(More)