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Of ten, mainly oleaginous, yeasts examined for the ability to use glucose and xylose simultaneously, only one,Candida curvata D, was found which could do so. This yeast was examined further in a single-stage chemostat wherein it produced similar biomass yields, lipid contents and fatty acids on glucose plus xylose mixed in varying proportions. This(More)
This article describes a combination of methods--a solid-phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) combined with an ultramicroanalytical system (UMAS)--that can be used to measure tetanus antitoxin activity in human sera or plasma. The test, which is rapid and permits analysis of 78 samples of serum per reaction plate with a volume of 10 microL of(More)
INTRODUCTION In order to assess anxiety in mammals various tests and species are currently available. These current assays measure changes in anxiety-like behaviors. The open-field and the light/dark are anxiety tests based on the spontaneous behavior of the animals, with C57BL/6J mice being a frequently used strain in behavioral studies. However, the(More)
In this study, we examined the effects of an oral subacute exposure to 2,2',3,3',4,4',5,5',6,6'-decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) on young adult inbred wild type Tg2576 mice. BDE-209 was administered by gavage at doses of 0 and 20 mg/kg/day dissolved in sunflower oil for 15 days. Two behavioral endpoints were examined: anxiety-activity in a light/dark test(More)
INTRODUCTION Anxiety disorders affect the quality of life and good health of millions of people over the world. Because clinical trials are expensive and frequently show high rates of placebo responses, animal models have become an important tool for drug discovery and brain research. Zero maze is a commonly used test to assess anxiety-like levels in mice,(More)
The aim of the present study was to test the effects of PNU-282987 on spatial learning and memory and hippocampal neurogenesis in both intact and chronically stressed transgenic mice. Transgenic mice with susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease (AD) under immobilization stress and not-stressed animals receiving 0 and 1 mg/kg of PNU-282987 (PNU) were evaluated(More)
Exposure of pregnant women to polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) may mean serious health risks. The main goal of the present study was to examine the neurobehavioral changes in rat offspring that were perinatally exposed to one of the most prevalent PBDEs congeners found in humans, 2,2',4,4',5-pentaBDE (BDE-99). Rat dams were exposed to 0, 1 and(More)
The zero maze is an unconditioned anxiety test for mice, in which a number of environmental variables can modify the anxiety levels of the animals. In the present study, we have assessed how individual housing, handling procedure and interaction between individual housing and handling procedure affect the baseline anxiety of mice. Thirty-seven wild type(More)
Therapeutic irradiation of pediatric and adult patients can profoundly affect adult neurogenesis, and cognitive impairment manifests as a deficit in hippocampal-dependent functions. Age plays a major role in susceptibility to radiation, and younger children are at higher risk of cognitive decay when compared to adults. Cranial irradiation affects(More)
Radiation therapy is a major cause of long-term complications observed in survivors of pediatric brain tumors. However, the effects of low-doses of ionizing radiation (IR) to the brain are less studied. On the other hand, tobacco is one of the most heavily abused drugs in the world. Tobacco is not only a health concern for adults. It has also shown to exert(More)