Luís F. M. Brígido

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Abstract HIV diversity reflects multifactorial evolutionary forces, but monitoring subtype prevalence may provide clues to understanding the epidemic. In the Americas HIV-1 C is present at significant levels only in the southern states of Brazil. We describe in this study the presence of the HIV-1 C pol genome in 11.6% (95 CI 6-21%) of antiretroviral-naive(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate differences in HIV disease progression in patients infected with HIV subtype B with a GPGR motif in the V3 loop region (B-GPGR) versus the Brazilian subtype B variant with a GWGR motif (B'-GWGR). MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were enrolled in an ongoing cohort study at the University of São Paulo(More)
We describe preliminary molecular characterization of HIV-1 pol from 108 consecutive HIV seropositive users of a Voluntary Counseling and Testing (VCT) site of Porto Alegre city, the major metropolitan area in the south of Brazil. Protease and partial reverse transcriptase regions were retrotranscribed from plasma HIV-1 RNA and sequenced after direct nested(More)
HIV-1 B is predominant in Brazil, but HIV-1 C has increasingly been reported in the south of the country. However, many samples clustering with clade C are actually a recombinant, with a small B segment at RT (CRF31). Samples (209) from the three cities with the highest aids prevalence rate are analyzed. Partial polymerase sequences from HIV RNA made it(More)
In this paper, we analysed the haemagglutinin (HA) gene identified by polymerase chain reaction from 90 influenza A H1N1 virus strains that circulated in Brazil from April 2009-June 2010. A World Health Organization sequencing protocol allowed us to identify amino acid mutations in the HA protein at positions S220T (71%), D239G/N/S (20%), Y247H (4.5%),(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 subtype C (HIV-1C) represents 30-65% of HIV infections in southern Brazil, and isolated cases of HIV-1C infection have also been reported in Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay and Venezuela. Phylogenetic studies have suggested that the Brazilian subtype C epidemic was initiated by the introduction of closely related strains.(More)
Partial sequences of HIV-1 polymerase from 185 patients, 141 ARV experienced and 44 naive, of gag (p24) and env (C2V3) from a subset of naive cases were evaluated in São Paulo, Brazil. Antiretroviral resistance mutations were detected in 4% of 26 recently (<2 years) infected patients. Polymorphisms at the protease gene were common both in contemporary and(More)
While human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 chemokine co-receptors 5 tropism and the GWGR motif in the envelope third variable region (V3 loop) have been associated with a slower disease progression, their influence on antiretroviral response remains unclear. The impact of baseline V3 characteristics on treatment response was evaluated in a randomised,(More)
Antiretroviral resistance mutations (ARM) are one of the major obstacles for pharmacological human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) suppression. Plasma HIV-1 RNA from 306 patients on antiretroviral therapy with virological failure was analyzed, most of them (60%) exposed to three or more regimens, and 28% of them have started therapy before 1997. The most(More)
HIV-1 tropism determination is necessary prior to CCR5 antagonist use as antiretroviral therapy. Genotypic prediction of coreceptor use is a practical alternative to phenotypic tests. Cell DNA and plasma RNA-based prediction has shown discordance in many studies. We evaluate paired cell and plasma either as single or replicate V3 sequences to assess(More)