Luís Cirnes

Learn More
The introduction of the benchtop massive parallel sequencers made it possible for the majority of clinical diagnostic laboratories to gain access to this fast evolving technology. In this study, using the Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine, we present a strategy for the molecular diagnosis of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer and respective analytical(More)
BRAF, KRAS and PIK3CA mutations are frequently found in sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC). In contrast to KRAS and PIK3CA mutations, BRAF mutations are associated with tumours harbouring CpG Island methylation phenotype (CIMP), MLH1 methylation and microsatellite instability (MSI). We aimed at determine the frequency of KRAS, BRAF and PIK3CA mutations in the(More)
Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) is a potent inhibitor of cell growth, whose action is transduced through interaction between type I (RI) and type II (RII) receptors. Abnormal expression of these receptors has been identified in several human cancers and was found to be associated with resistance to TGFbeta. TGFbeta RII mutations occur in many(More)
OBJECTIVE Our aim was to characterize the molecular and genotypic profile of eight thyroid carcinoma-derived cell lines-TPC1, FB2, B-CPAP, K1, XTC-1, C643, 8505C, and Hth74-in order to use them as in vitro models of thyroid carcinogenesis. DESIGN We evaluated the expression of five thyroid-specific genes (Tg, TSHr, TPO, PAX8, and TTF-1) to establish the(More)
Microsatellite instability (MSI) has been reported to occur in a wide variety of sporadic tumours, such as colorectal and gastric cancers. MSI positivity has been associated with a particular clinico-pathologic profile, including the presence of abundant lymphoid infiltration, poor differentiation and a relatively good outcome for the patients. Since(More)
Gastric cancer is thought to result from a combination of environmental factors and accumulation of specific genetic alterations, and consequently mainly affects older patients (>50 years of age). Fewer than 10% of patients present with the disease before 45 years of age and these young patients are thought to develop carcinomas with a different molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Few studies have focused on the presence and significance of microsatellite instability (MSI) in gastric polyps, and the results on record are conflicting. The aim of the current study was to address this issue, taking into consideration the 2 main types of gastric polyps, the coexistence of foci of malignant transformation, and the expression of(More)
Approximately 30% of all hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) families carry CDH1 germline mutations. The other two thirds remain genetically unexplained and are probably caused by alterations in other genes. Using polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP)/sequencing, we screened 32 Portuguese families with a history(More)
In hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), patients' mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations cause MMR deficiency, leading to microsatellite instability (MSI-H). MSI-H is also found in a substantial fraction of sporadic gastric carcinomas (SGC), mainly due to MLH1 promoter hypermethylation, although somatic mutations in MMR genes have been(More)
Sporadic gastric carcinomas (SGC) with microsatellite instability (MSI) exhibit mutations in target genes and display a particular clinicopathological profile. In SGC the MSI phenotype has been associated with hMLH1 promoter hypermethylation. Fifty-seven SGC, classified as high-frequency MSI (MSI-H), low-frequency MSI (MSI-L), and microsatellite stable(More)