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In previous experiments examining the stimulatory effect of intracerebroventricular (icv) NGF treatment on basal forebrain choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity, many of the rats treated with the maximally effective dose of NGF appeared gaunt compared to the vehicle-treated control animals. The present experiments determined that icv infusion of NGF at(More)
Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), a recently described and cloned member of the transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta superfamily, has been shown to have marked trophic activity on several populations of central neurons. Survival-promoting and injury protectant activity in vitro and in vivo, using several paradigms, has been demonstrated(More)
Treatment of rats in vivo with NGF promotes the survival and enhances the neurotransmitter phenotype of basal forebrain cholinergic neurons. We showed recently (Williams et al., 1993) that NGF-induced stimulations of the cholinergic markers ChAT and high-affinity choline uptake are reflected in an enhanced synthesis and release of ACh in terminals fields of(More)
Cholinergic neurones in the CNS undergo complex changes during normal aging. In recent years, considerable attention has focussed on the neurotrophins and, in particular, nerve growth factor, as potential maintenance factor for cholinergic-neurone function, and as therapeutic agents for use in a variety of neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's(More)
The role of chronic exogenous intracerebroventricular administration of nerve growth factor (NGF) on the morphology of layer V pyramidal cell dendrites in aging rats was quantified using Golgi impregnations. Both dendritic branching and dendritic spines from the basilar tree of randomly selected pyramidal neurons of the frontal cortex were evaluated in(More)
NGF promotes the survival and enhances the neurotransmitter phenotype of basal forebrain and striatal cholinergic neurons in brain of rat. The objective of the present study was to determine whether stimulations of the cholinergic neuronal markers ChAT and high-affinity choline uptake are reflected in enhanced synthesis and release of ACh. Enhancement of(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of age and chronic intracerebral administration of nerve growth factor (NGF) on the activity of the presynaptic cholinergic neuronal markers hemicholinium-sensitive high-affinity choline uptake (HACU) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) in the brain of Fisher 344 male rats. In 24-month-old rats, a(More)
Computer-assisted image analysis was used to establish the dose response of excitatory amino acid (EAA) analogs on the induction of cobalt accumulation within pyramidal and granule cell neurons in 400 microns slices of gerbil hippocampus. Slices were incubated 20 min at 22 degrees C in a solution containing 5 mM CoCl2 and 0-1,000 microM EAA analog. The(More)
Age-related cognitive deficits in both humans and experimental animals appear to relate to dysfunction of basal forebrain cholinergic neuron systems. The present study assessed spatial learning performance in a water maze task as a function of choline acetyltransferase and high-affinity choline uptake specific activity (the two phenotypic markers for(More)