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To determine whether a link exists between reproductive seasonality and the structure of the gene for melatonin receptor Mel(1a), the latter was studied in two groups of Mérinos d'Arles (MA) ewes previously chosen for their genetic value, which took into account their own out-of-season ovulatory activity adjusted by environmental parameters and that of(More)
The present study was conducted to assess the degree of genetic determination of the variability in the mean nocturnal plasma concentration of melatonin in sheep. Three hundred twelve ewes born from 18 males and with known genealogy were sampled at the summer and the winter solstices. The nocturnal plasma melatonin concentration was defined as the mean of(More)
Ovarian folliculogenesis in mammals from the constitution of primordial follicles up to ovulation is a reasonably well understood mechanism. Nevertheless, underlying mechanisms that determine the number of ovulating follicles were enigmatic until the identification of the fecundity genes affecting ovulation rate in sheep, bone morphogenetic protein-15(More)
Genetic mutations with major effects on ovulation rate and litter size in sheep were recently identified in three genes belonging to the TGFbeta superfamily pathway: the bone morphogenetic protein 15 (BMP15, also known as GDF9b), growth differentiation factor 9 (GDF9), and BMP receptor type IB (also known as activin-like kinase 6). Homozygous BMP15 or GDF9(More)
Classical selection for increasing prolificacy in sheep leads to a concomitant increase in its variability, even though the objective of the breeder is to maximise the frequency of an intermediate litter size rather than the frequency of high litter sizes. For instance, in the Lacaune sheep breed raised in semi-intensive conditions, ewes lambing twins(More)
Canalising selection is handled by a heteroscedastic model involving a genotypic value for the mean and a genotypic value for the log variance, associated with a single phenotypic value. A selection objective is proposed as the expected squared deviation of the phenotype from the optimum, of a progeny of any candidate for selection. Indices and approximate(More)
The objectives of this work were to examine the usefulness of measuring ovulation rate (OR) in order to improve genetic progress of litter size (LS) in sheep and to study different selection criteria combining OR and prenatal survival (ES) performance. Responses to selection for 5 generations within a population of 20 male and 600 female parents were(More)
Artificial inseminations (n = 678 168) recorded during 5 years in five French artificial insemination (AI) centres (2 'Lacaune', 1 'Manech tête rousse', 1 'Manech tête noire' and 1 'Basco béarnaise') were analysed to determine environmental and genetic factors affecting the insemination results. Analyses within centre-breed were performed using a linear(More)
In France, about 95% of the fatty liver production comes from mule ducks, an infertile hybrid cross between female common ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) and Muscovy drakes (Cairina moschata). As a hybrid, genetic improvement of the performance of mule ducks is achieved by selection of the parental populations. Feed represents two-thirds of the total costs of(More)
Ewes from the Booroola strain of Australian Mérino sheep are characterized by high ovulation rate and litter size. This phenotype is due to the action of the FecB(B) allele of a major gene named FecB, as determined by statistical analysis of phenotypic data. By genetic analysis of 31 informative half-sib families from heterozygous sires, we showed that the(More)