Lowiek M. Hubers

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Many patients using warfarin are being managed in primary care and typically achieve a lower time in therapeutic range (TTR) for the international normalized ratio (INR) than patients in specialized care. A simple warfarin maintenance dosing tool could assist primary care physicians with improving TTR. We tested whether a simple warfarin maintenance dosing(More)
IgG4-associated cholangitis (IAC) is the hepatobiliary manifestation of immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD), a systemic fibroinflammatory disorder with a wide variety of clinical presentations and organ manifestations. IgG4-RD predominantly affects the hepatobiliary tract (IAC) and pancreas (autoimmune pancreatitis) and mimics hepatobiliary,(More)
IgG4-associated cholangitis (IAC) is a major manifestation of immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD), an inflammatory multiorgan disorder of unknown cause. IAC and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) may mimic sclerosing cholangitis, cholangiocarcinoma, or pancreatic carcinoma. Typically, elderly male patients present with abdominal discomfort, weight loss,(More)
UNLABELLED Immunoglobulin G4 (IgG4)-related disease (IgG4-RD) of the biliary tree and pancreas is difficult to distinguish from sclerosing cholangitis and biliary/pancreatic malignancies (CA). An accurate noninvasive test for diagnosis and monitoring of disease activity is lacking. We demonstrate that dominant IgG4(+) B-cell receptor (BCR) clones determined(More)
IgG4-associated cholangitis (IAC) is an inflammatory disorder of the biliary tract representing a major manifestation of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) often with elevation of serum IgG4 levels, infiltration of IgG4+ plasma cells in the affected tissue and good response to immunosuppressive treatment. Its first description may go back to 150 years ago. The(More)
Excellent control of the international normalised ratio (INR) is associated with improved clinical outcomes in patients receiving warfarin, and can be achieved by anticoagulation clinics but is difficult in general practice. Anticoagulation clinics have often used validated commercial computer systems to manage the INR, but these are not usually available(More)
INTRODUCTION Time in therapeutic range (TTR) for international normalized ratio (INR) is an accepted quality measure of anticoagulation control in patient populations, but its usefulness for predicting stroke and bleeding in individuals is not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS In a nested case control analysis among ACTIVE W study patients, cases(More)
BACKGROUND Immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-associated cholangitis (IAC) is an inflammatory disorder of the biliary tract displaying characteristic features of IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD): elevation of IgG4 serum levels, infiltration of IgG4+ plasma cells in the affected tissue, and good response to immunosuppressive treatment. METHODS AND RESULTS The clinical(More)
The pathophysiology of immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) and its most common manifestations, IgG4-associated (sclerosing) cholangitis and autoimmune pancreatitis, remains largely unknown, but IgG4 is presumably involved. IgG4 is a promiscuous antibody, which could be directly pathogenic, fulfill a protective role, or could just be a fortuitous(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an immune-mediated disease of unknown cause. It predominantly affects the biliary tract [IgG4-associated cholangitis (IAC)] and pancreas [autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP)] of mostly elderly men. Accurate diagnostic tests are lacking. Patients benefit from predniso(lo)ne treatment. However, disease relapse is(More)