Lowell T. McPhail

8Wolfram Tetzlaff
3John D Steeves
3Christopher B McBride
2Jeremy S Toma
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Minocycline has been demonstrated to be neuroprotective after spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the cellular consequences of minocycline treatment on the secondary injury response are poorly understood. We examined the ability of minocycline to reduce oligodendrocyte apoptosis, microglial/macrophage activation, corticospinal tract (CST) dieback, and lesion(More)
The RIP monoclonal antibody is commonly used to identify oligodendrocytes. Recently, the RIP antigen was identified as 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNPase), a known non-compact myelin protein [Watanabe, M., Sakurai, Y., Ichinose, T., Aikawa, Y., Kotani, M., Itoh, K., 2006. Monoclonal antibody Rip specifically recognizes 2',3'-cyclic(More)
The neuronal nuclei (NeuN) antibody, which binds to a poorly characterized antigen/antigens, is increasingly being used in several areas of study as a specific marker to identify neuronal populations. Despite the increasing reliance on NeuN as a panneuronal marker, changes of NeuN expression following axonal injury have not yet been examined. In the present(More)
A developmental model of spinal cord injury in the embryonic chick was specifically developed to characterize the involvement of caspases in injury-induced oligodendrocyte apoptosis remote from the lesion and the ability of caspase inhibitors to attenuate this process. Developmental apoptosis in the cervical spinal cord increased within the white matter(More)
Dorsal root injury (DRI) disrupts the flow of sensory information to the spinal cord. Although primary afferents do not regenerate to their original targets, spontaneous recovery can, by unknown mechanisms, occur after DRI. Here, we show that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), but not nerve growth factor or neurotrophin-4,(More)
Recently, we reported that chronically axotomized rubrospinal neurons survive for up to 1 year in an atrophied state. This finding contrasted previous work suggesting the death of up to 50% of the neurons over time. In the adult mouse, the majority of facial motoneurons appear to be lost as a result of chronic nerve resection. Here, we sought to determine(More)
After dorsal rhizotomy, sensory axons fail to regenerate beyond the astrocytic glia limitans at the dorsal root entry zone (DREZ) but this inhibition can be overcome with the delivery of exogenous neurotrophin-3. We investigated whether axonal inhibition at the DREZ is constitutive or induced after dorsal rhizotomy. Primary afferent neurones from enhanced(More)
Myelin-derived molecules inhibit axonal regeneration in the CNS. The Long-Evans Shaker rat is a naturally occurring dysmyelinated mutant, which although able to express the components of myelin lacks functional myelin in adulthood. Given that myelin breakdown exposes axons to molecules that are inhibitory to regeneration, we sought to determine whether(More)
Following spinal cord injury, spared axonal projections undergo spontaneous compensatory sprouting in an attempt to reinnervate synaptic targets that were deinnervated as a result of injury. However, compensatory sprouting is hindered by the expression of a myriad of inhibitory molecules throughout the adult central nervous system, including chondroitin(More)
Semaphorins are a family of axonal guidance molecules that, by virtue of their chemorepulsive or chemoattractive actions, may be the important factors in determining the success or failure of axonal regeneration in the mature nervous system after injury. Here, we have used two adult mouse models of nervous system injury to evaluate the neuronal expression(More)