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(SES-0922340) and the Center for Local, State, and Urban Policy (CLOSUP) provided generous financial assistance. Any mistakes are my own. Please e-mail any questions or comments to albouy@umich.edu. Abstract The standard revealed-preference estimate of a city's quality of life is proportional to that city's cost-of-living relative to its wage-level.(More)
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Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between(More)
How significant was the economic progress of African Americans in the United States between 1970 and 2000? In this paper the authors examine this issue for black men 25 to 55 years of age who live in 14 large U.S. metropolitan areas. They present evidence that significant racial disparities remain in education and labor market outcomes of black and white(More)
In this paper, we study the outcome of an unusually clean natural experiment-California's large minimum wage increase of 1988. Two different approaches to evaluating the experiment result in the same conclusion: the textbook analysis of minimum wages holds true. In particular, we find that employment growth in California's low-wage retail trade industry was(More)
Public transit accounts for only 1% of U.S. passenger miles traveled but nevertheless attracts strong public support. Using a simple choice model, we predict that transit riders are likely to be individuals who commute along routes with the most severe roadway delays. These individuals' choices thus have very high marginal impacts on congestion. We test(More)
We evaluate the consequences of a recent regulatory reform in Portugal, which substantially reduced the cost of rm entry. Our analysis uses matched employer-employee data, which provide unusually rich information on the characteristics of founders and employees associated with new rms before and after the reform. We nd that the short-term consequences of(More)
and the American Economic Association annual meetings. J. B. Silvers was especially generous in helping us understand the workings of managed care organizations. Rebitzer's research was supported by a grant from the Jerome Levy Institute. The usual caveat applies. Abstract We study the effect of physician incentives in an HMO network. Physician incentives(More)
In this paper, we explore the existence of wage spillovers in public sector teacher contract negotiations. We focus on the role that informal social comparisons have in determining wages. Using a combination of survey and administrative data, we estimate the relationship among the wages negotiated in a district's reference districts and the salary(More)