Lowell D. Owens

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The isopentenyltransferase (ipt) gene associated with cytokinin biosynthesis in plants was cloned from a tumor-inducing plasmid carried by Agrobacterium tumefaciens and placed under the control of promoters of differing activities, the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter and the nopaline synthase promoter. These promoter-gene constructs were introduced(More)
Two different methods for sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) transformation were developed, one using Agrobacterium with excised cotyledons, the other, particle bombardment of embryogenic hypocotyl callus. Transformation efficiencies averaged 0.7% for the Agrobacterium method (number of transgenic plants obtained per treated cotyledon) and about 8% for the(More)
Tissues transformed with the isopentenyl transferase (ipt) gene cloned from the T-DNA region of the Ti plasmid or with the ipt gene placed under the control of the cauliflower mosaic virus 35S promoter (35S-ipt) were analyzed for auxin and cytokinin. Free and total indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) levels in 35S-ipt-transformed Nicotiana tabacum and cucumber cells(More)
Six sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) lines (GWI-248, SPB-11, MonoHy 55, SMS-1, EL45 and FC607) were tested for regeneration. Shoot cultures were initiated in vitro from naked, sterilized embryos obtained from mature seed. Excised petioles from cultured shoots were plated on Gamborg's B5 medium and four modified Murashige and Skoog (MS) media. A medium(More)
Selenocysteyl-tRNAs that decode UGA were previously identified in representatives of three of the five life kingdoms which were the monera, animal and protist kingdoms. In the present study, we show that these tRNAs also occur in representatives of the two remaining kingdoms, plants and fungi; i.e., selenocysteyl-tRNAs which code for UGA occur in Beta(More)
Twenty four diverse cultivars of soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merrill) and three lines of its annual wild progenitor Glycine soja Sieb and Zucc. were tested for their response to Agrobacterium strains harboring either the Ti (tumor-inducing) plasmid (pTi) from Agrobacterium tumefaciens or the Ri (root-inducing) plasmid (pRi) from Agrobacterium rhizogenes(More)
ABSTRACT A chimeric gene fusion cassette, consisting of a secretory sequence from barley alpha-amylase joined to a modified cecropin (MB39) coding sequence and placed under control of the promoter and terminator from the potato proteinase inhibitor II (PiII) gene, was introduced into tobacco by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Transgenic and control(More)
Callus cultures of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) genotypes PI 88788, PI 438489B, and cultivar Bedford were initiated in vitro from seedling explants consisting of the cotyledonary node plus epicotyl from germinated mature seed. Plants were regenerated from these callus cultures and subsequently evaluated for qualitative variation in three to four(More)
During studies to optimize production of morphogenic callus from cultured leaf discs of sugarbeet (Beta vulgaris L.) large differences were observed associated with the gelling agent employed. Water availability, as determined mainly by gel matric potential, was found to be the dominant factor. A simple method was devised to measure the relative matric(More)