Lovemore Gwanzura

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OBJECTIVE To determine the association between female genital Schistosoma haematobium infection and HIV. DESIGN AND METHODS A cross-sectional study with a 1-year follow-up. Gynecological and laboratory investigations were performed for S. haematobium and HIV. Sexually transmitted infections, demographic and urogenital history were analysed as confounders.(More)
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) is said to be rare in Africa, with reported rates of 0-22% in human-immunodeficiency-virus (HIV) infected individuals with respiratory symptoms. Over one year in a central hospital in southern Africa, 64 HIV-infected patients with acute diffuse pneumonia unresponsive to penicillin and sputum smear-negative for acid-fast(More)
Up to 75% of women with urinary schistosomiasis have Schistosoma haematobium ova in the genitals. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of gynecologic S. haematobium infection and to differentiate the disease from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Gynecologic and laboratory investigations for S. haematobium and STIs were performed in 527 women(More)
Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in developing countries, and the human papillomavirus (HPV) is linked etiologically to cervical cancer. Hence, a vaccine which prevents HPV-associated cervical cancer would have the most impact in developing countries, including the African continent. The type-specific immune response towards HPV(More)
To determine the seroprevalence of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), to identify correlates of infection, and to describe the correlation with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seropositivity, 224 HIV-negative and 191 HIV-positive male factory workers in Zimbabwe were screened for HSV-2-specific antibodies. HSV-2 seroprevalence was 35.7% among(More)
Stored sera from a cohort of 2397 male factory workers in Harare, Zimbabwe, were screened for herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2)-specific antibodies, to estimate the prevalence and incidence of genital herpes infection and to assess the relation between HSV-2 and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquisition. The prevalence of HSV-2 at enrollment was(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the relationship between HIV, CD4+ count and pleural TB. METHOD In a prospective study, 94 patients presenting at two large Harare hospitals with clinically suspected pleural TB were enrolled over a 10-month period. All underwent standardized evaluation, closed pleural aspiration and biopsy. Patients receiving directly observed(More)
Reasons for gender-related differences in the risk of AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma (AIDS-KS) are unknown. Four hundred thirty-eight male and 166 female AIDS-KS patients were evaluated in Harare, Zimbabwe. Female patients were younger than male patients in this study (median of 33 vs. 38 years; P < 0.001), mirroring the epidemiology of AIDS in Zimbabwe. In a(More)
BACKGROUND Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) encodes genetically diverse K1 alleles which have unique geographic distributions. Little is known about K1 genetic diversity in Zimbabwe where acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated KS (AIDS-KS) is epidemic. OBJECTIVE Evaluate K1 diversity in Zimbabwe and compare Zimbabwean K1 diversity to(More)
SETTING Twenty-two urban factories in Harare. OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), smoking and self-rated health in a high HIV prevalence urban workforce. DESIGN Cross-sectional survey. RESULTS Of 7482 employees, 6111 (82%) consented to interview and anonymous HIV serology; 88% were male; median age(More)