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Cervical cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related deaths in developing countries, and the human papillomavirus (HPV) is linked etiologically to cervical cancer. Hence, a vaccine which prevents HPV-associated cervical cancer would have the most impact in developing countries, including the African continent. The type-specific immune response towards HPV(More)
BACKGROUND Non-typhoidal Salmonella infections are an important public health problem in sub-Saharan Africa, especially among children and HIV-seropositive patients in whom they may cause invasive disease. METHODS In order to better understand the epidemiology of Salmonella infections in southern Africa we typed, using serotyping, phage typing and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association between female genital Schistosoma haematobium infection and HIV. DESIGN AND METHODS A cross-sectional study with a 1-year follow-up. Gynecological and laboratory investigations were performed for S. haematobium and HIV. Sexually transmitted infections, demographic and urogenital history were analysed as confounders.(More)
Up to 75% of women with urinary schistosomiasis have Schistosoma haematobium ova in the genitals. This study aimed to describe the prevalence of gynecologic S. haematobium infection and to differentiate the disease from sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Gynecologic and laboratory investigations for S. haematobium and STIs were performed in 527 women(More)
Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) is said to be rare in Africa, with reported rates of 0-22% in human-immunodeficiency-virus (HIV) infected individuals with respiratory symptoms. Over one year in a central hospital in southern Africa, 64 HIV-infected patients with acute diffuse pneumonia unresponsive to penicillin and sputum smear-negative for acid-fast(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the relationship between human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8 or Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus) peripheral blood virus load and Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) clinical stage. DESIGN Blinded, cross-sectional analysis of peripheral blood HHV-8 DNA levels in persons with AIDS-related KS in Harare, Zimbabwe. METHODS Subjects were stratified by(More)
OBJECTIVE To elucidate the relationship between HIV, CD4+ count and pleural TB. METHOD In a prospective study, 94 patients presenting at two large Harare hospitals with clinically suspected pleural TB were enrolled over a 10-month period. All underwent standardized evaluation, closed pleural aspiration and biopsy. Patients receiving directly observed(More)
Lung biopsies taken post mortem from 24 HIV-seropositive children who died of pneumonia in Harare Hospital (Zimbabwe) during 1995 were examined for pathogens using histology, culture, microscopy and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Pneumocystis carinii was detected in 16 (67%) children, in 5 of whom bacterial pathogens were also detected. There were 2 cases(More)
Reasons for gender-related differences in the risk of AIDS-related Kaposi sarcoma (AIDS-KS) are unknown. Four hundred thirty-eight male and 166 female AIDS-KS patients were evaluated in Harare, Zimbabwe. Female patients were younger than male patients in this study (median of 33 vs. 38 years; P < 0.001), mirroring the epidemiology of AIDS in Zimbabwe. In a(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify demographic, behavioural and clinical characteristics of symptomatic and asymptomatic women with gonococcal and/or chlamydial cervicitis a study was conducted among women attending antenatal clinics and primary care clinics in Harare, Zimbabwe. DESIGN Cross sectional study. SETTING Primary care clinics and antenatal clinics in(More)