Lovasoa Ramparany

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BACKGROUND Diarrheal diseases are a major public health problem in developing countries, and are one of the main causes of hospital admissions in Madagascar. The Pasteur Institute of Madagascar undertook a study to determine the prevalence and the pathogenicity of bacterial, viral and protozoal enteropathogens in diarrheal and non-diarrheal stools of(More)
This study reports the dissemination of multidrug-resistant (MDR) OXA-23-producing Acinetobacter baumannii clones in hospitals in Antananarivo, Madagascar. A total of 53 carbapenem-resistant A. baumannii isolates were obtained from September 2006 to March 2009 in five hospitals. These resistant strains represent 44% of all A. baumannii isolates. The double(More)
BACKGROUND Acute diarrhea is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality worldwide. Its microbiological causes and clinico-epidemiological aspects were examined during the rainy seasons from 2008 to 2009 in 14 districts in Madagascar. METHODS Stool specimens of 2196 children with acute diarrhea and 496 healthy children were collected in a community(More)
BACKGROUND Acute respiratory infections are a leading cause of infectious disease-related morbidity, hospitalisation and mortality among children worldwide, and particularly in developing countries. In these low-income countries, most patients with acute respiratory infection (ARI), whether it is mild or severe, are still treated empirically. The aim of the(More)
Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is a sensitive and specific marker of acute coronary syndromes and myocardial damage. During the past few years, it has become the preferred biochemical marker of myocardial infarction. However, due to the sensitivity required for its detection, only automated systems can be used in developed countries. However, these are rather(More)
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