Lourdes Toral-Barza

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The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is centrally involved in cell growth, metabolism, and angiogenesis. While showing clinical efficacy in a subset of tumors, rapamycin and rapalogs are specific and allosteric inhibitors of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), but they do not directly inhibit mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2), an emerging player in cancer. Here, we report(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a major component of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling pathway that is dysregulated in 50% of all human malignancies. Rapamycin and its analogues (rapalogs) partially inhibit mTOR through allosteric binding to mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1) but not mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2), an emerging player in cancer.(More)
While small molecule inhibitors of the phosphatidylinositide-3-kinase (PI3K) are expected to impact the development of new cancer therapy, the tumor types and underlying cellular pathways determining inhibitor response remain poorly defined. In this report, we have studied anti-proliferative effects of the PI3K inhibitors WAY-266176 and WAY-266175 in a(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) regulates growth via promoting translation and transcription. Here, employing an mTOR active-site inhibitor WYE-125132 (WYE-132), we have performed quantitative phospho-proteomics and identified a Ser-75-containing phosphopeptide from Maf1, a known repressor of RNA polymerase III (Pol III) transcription. Treatment of(More)
Dramatic improvements in mTOR-targeting selectivity were achieved by replacing morpholine in pyrazolopyrimidine inhibitors with bridged morpholines. Analogues with subnanomolar mTOR IC(50) values and up to 26000-fold selectivity versus PI3Kalpha were prepared. Chiral morpholines gave inhibitors whose enantiomers had different selectivity and potency(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a central regulator of G1 cell cycle protein synthesis that precedes commitment to normal cellular replication. We have studied the effect of cell cycle inhibitor-779 (CCI-779), a rapamycin ester that inhibits mTOR function, on the proliferation of a panel of breast cancer cell lines. Six of eight lines studied(More)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor CCI-779 (temsirolimus) is a recently Food and Drug Administration-approved anticancer drug with efficacy in certain solid tumors and hematologic malignancies. In cell culture studies, CCI-779 at the commonly used nanomolar concentrations generally confers a modest and selective antiproliferative activity.(More)
Design and synthesis of a series of 4-morpholino-6-aryl-1H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]pyrimidines as potent and selective inhibitors of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) are described. Optimization of the 6-aryl substituent led to the discovery of inhibitors carrying 6-ureidophenyl groups, the first reported active site inhibitors of mTOR with subnanomolar(More)
A series of 3-cyano-4-(phenoxyanilino)cyanoquinolines has been prepared as MEK (MAP kinase kinase) inhibitors. The best activity is seen with alkoxy groups at both the 6- and 7-positions. The lead compounds show low nanomolar IC50's against MAP kinase kinase, and have potent inhibitory activity in tumor cells.
The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) is a major regulator of cell growth and is frequently dysregulated in cancer. While mTOR complex-1 (mTORC1) is a validated cancer target, the role of mTOR complex-2 (mTORC2) remains less defined. Here, we reveal mTORC2 as a critical regulator of breast cancer metabolism. We showed that hyperphosphorylation in ATP(More)