Lourdes Ruiz Desviat

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Hyperekplexia or startle disease is characterized by an exaggerated startle response, evoked by tactile or auditory stimuli, producing hypertonia and apnea episodes. Although rare, this orphan disorder can have serious consequences, including sudden infant death. Dominant and recessive mutations in the human glycine receptor (GlyR) α1 gene (GLRA1) are the(More)
Sepiapterin reductase (SR) catalyzes the final step in the de novo synthesis of tetrahydrobiopterin, essential cofactor for phenylalanine, tyrosine, and tryptophan hydroxylases. SR deficiency is a very rare disease resulting in monoamine neurotransmitter depletion. Most patients present with clinical symptoms before the first year of age corresponding to a(More)
Proper function of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and mitochondria is crucial for cellular homeostasis, and dysfunction at either site as well as perturbation of mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs) have been linked to neurodegenerative and metabolic diseases. Previously, we have observed an increase in ROS and apoptosis levels in patient-derived(More)
From all the different molecular mechanisms put forward to explain the basis of BH4 responsiveness in PKU patients, a clear picture is now emerging based on the results from expression studies performed with a number of missense mutations identified in patients with a positive response in BH4 loading tests. Two of the proposed mechanisms, namely decreased(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations affecting RNA splicing represent more than 20% of the mutant alleles in Sanfilippo syndrome type C, a rare lysosomal storage disorder that causes severe neurodegeneration. Many of these mutations are localized in the conserved donor or acceptor splice sites, while few are found in the nearby nucleotides. METHODS In this study we(More)
Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4)-responsive phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) deficiency is a recently recognized variant of phenylketonuria, with a probable multifactorial molecular basis. In this study we have investigated the effect of BH4 on PAH gene expression in human hepatoma. Our results show that increased BH4 levels result in an enhancement of PAH activity(More)
Phenylketonuria (PKU), an autosomal recessive disorder caused be a deficiency of hepatic phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH), is clinically very heterogeneous. At the molecular level, more than 400 mutations in the PAH gene are known to date, which in different genotype combinations could account for biochemical and clinical variability of symptoms. In vitro(More)
Methylmalonic aciduria (MMA) cblB type is caused by mutations in the MMAB gene. This encodes the enzyme ATP:cob(I)alamin adenosyltransferase (ATR), which converts reduced cob(I)alamin to an active adenosylcobalamin cofactor. We recently reported the presence of destabilizing pathogenic mutations that retain some residual ATR activity. The aim of the present(More)
BACKGROUND Adenylosuccinate lyase (ADSL) deficiency is an autosomal recessive disorder of the purine synthesis which results in accumulation of succinylpurines (succinyladenosine (S-Ado) and succinylamino-imidazole carboxamide riboside (SAICAr)) in body fluids. Patients present developmental delay, often accompanied by epilepsy and autistic spectrum(More)
The spf/ash mouse model of ornithine transcarbamylase (OTC) deficiency, a severe urea cycle disorder, is caused by a mutation (c.386G>A; p.R129H) in the last nucleotide of exon 4 of the Otc gene, affecting the 5' splice site and resulting in partial use of a cryptic splice site 48 bp into the adjacent intron. The equivalent nucleotide change and predicted(More)