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The demonstrated functional interaction of metabotropic glutamate 5 (mGlu₅) receptors with N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors has prompted speculation that their activation may offer a potential treatment for aspects of schizophrenia. Development of selective mGlu₅ agonists has been difficult, but several different positive allosteric modulator (PAM)(More)
This study investigated the effects of aging on the actions of a specific glutamate reuptake blocker, L-trans-pyrrolidine-2, 4-dicarboxylic acid (PDC), in extracellular glutamate and glutamine in striatum of the awake rat. Microdialysis experiments were performed on young (2-3 months), middle-aged (12-14 months), aged (27-32 months) and very aged (37(More)
LY354740 (1) is a highly potent and selective agonist of metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptors 2 and 3. In the present study, we have prepared C3- and C4-methyl-substituted variants of rac-1, compounds 5, 9, and 13. Each of these racemic methyl-substituted analogues displaced specific binding of the mGlu2/3 receptor antagonist(More)
Nocturnal rise in pineal melatonin output is due to the night-induced acceleration of noradrenergic transmission and alpha(1)- and beta-adrenoceptor activation. In addition, in female animals, cyclic oscillations in circulating levels of sex steroid hormones are accompanied by changes in the rate of pineal melatonin secretion. To investigate whether(More)
LY2812223 [(1R,2S,4R,5R,6R)-2-amino-4-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-ylsulfanyl)bicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylic acid] was identified via structure-activity studies arising from the potent metabotropic glutamate mGlu2/3 receptor agonist LY354740 [(+)-2-aminobicyclo[3.1.0] hexane-2,6-dicarboxylic acid] as an mGlu2-preferring agonist. This pharmacology was(More)
As part of our ongoing research to identify novel agents acting at metabotropic glutamate 2 (mGlu2) and 3 (mGlu3) receptors, we have previously reported the identification of the C4α-methyl analog of mGlu2/3 receptor agonist 1 (LY354740). This molecule, 1S,2S,4R,5R,6S-2-amino-4-methylbicyclo[3.1.0]hexane-2,6-dicarboxylate 2 (LY541850), exhibited an(More)
Identification of orthosteric mGlu(2/3) receptor agonists capable of discriminating between individual mGlu2 and mGlu3 subtypes has been highly challenging owing to the glutamate-site sequence homology between these proteins. Herein we detail the preparation and characterization of a series of molecules related to(More)
A subpopulation of luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH)-producing cells that express the intermediate filament protein vimentin and the neuronal marker neurofilament 145, but not neurofilament 200 nor glial fibrillary acidic protein, has been isolated from GT1-7 cultures. These cells express the mRNA encoding estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) and(More)
A single oral dose of tyrosine (100 or 150 mg/kg) caused significant increases in urinary levels of norepinephrine (NE), epinephrine (E), dopamine (DA), 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenylglycol (MHPG), vanilmandelic acid (VMA), and homovanillic acid (HVA) during the first 2 hr after its ingestion; water administration failed to produce such changes. The temporal(More)