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To investigate the role of the Fhit gene in carcinogen induction of neoplasia, we have inactivated one Fhit allele in mouse embryonic stem cells and produced (129/SvJ x C57BL/6J) F(1) mice with a Fhit allele inactivated (+/-). Fhit +/+ and +/- mice were treated intragastrically with nitrosomethylbenzylamine and observed for 10 wk posttreatment. A total of(More)
The Testin (TES) gene was previously identified as a putative human tumor suppressor gene at 7q31.2, a region that is frequently deleted in hematopoietic malignancies, as well as in epithelial tumors. To determine whether TES acts as a tumor suppressor in vivo, we generated a Tes knockout mouse and then used it in an established model of carcinogen-induced(More)
Mice carrying one inactivated Fhit allele (Fhit +/- mice) are highly susceptible to tumor induction by N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine, with 100% of Fhit +/- mice exhibiting tumors of the forestomach/squamocolumnar junction vs. 25% of Fhit +/+ controls. In the current study a single N-nitrosomethylbenzylamine dose was administered to Fhit +/+, +/-, and -/- mice(More)
Four hundred and eighty-one ultraconserved sequences (UCRs) longer than 200 bases were discovered in the genomes of human, mouse and rat. These are DNA sequences showing 100% identity among the three species. UCRs are frequently located at genomic regions involved in cancer, differentially expressed in human leukemias and carcinomas and in some instances(More)
The WWOX gene encodes a tumor suppressor spanning the second most common human fragile site, FRA16D. Targeted deletion of the Wwox gene in mice led to an increased incidence of spontaneous and ethyl nitrosourea-induced tumors. In humans, loss of heterozygosity and reduced or loss of WWOX expression has been reported in esophageal squamous cell cancers(More)
Chronic inflammation is implicated in the pathogenesis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The causes of inflammation in ESCC, however, are undefined. Dietary zinc (Zn)-deficiency (ZD) increases the risk of ESCC. We have previously shown that short-term ZD (6 weeks) in rats induces overexpression of the proinflammatory mediators S100a8 and S100a9(More)
The tumor suppressor gene FHIT spans a common fragile site and is highly susceptible to environmental carcinogens. FHIT inactivation and loss of expression is found in a large fraction of premaligant and malignant lesions. In this study, we were able to inhibit tumor development by oral gene transfer, using adenoviral or adenoassociated viral vectors(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer of the upper aerodigestive tract, including esophageal and tongue carcinomas, is a major cause of cancer deaths worldwide. Esophageal and tongue cancers have both been associated with dietary zinc deficiency (ZD), and cyclooxygenase (COX-2) is often overexpressed in these cancers. Using rat models, we examined whether zinc regulates COX-2(More)
Hemizygous deletions of the fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene at human chromosome band 3p14.2 and down-regulation of its gene product are found in the majority of renal cell carcinomas (RCCs). Functional tumor suppressive activity of Fhit in renal cancer cells previously was observed in RCC cell line RC48, which lacks endogenous Fhit expression. To(More)
Antizyme (AZ) is known to be a regulator of polyamine metabolism that inhibits ornithine decarboxylase activity and polyamine transport, thus restricting polyamine levels. Transgenic mice with AZ expression targeted to the basal cell layer of the forestomach epithelium by the keratin 5 promoter were used to investigate whether AZ overexpression inhibited(More)