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OBJECTIVE To assess the validity of using fasting plasma glucose (FPG) concentrations in conjunction with HbA1c or fructosamine for the screening of diabetes in high-risk individuals. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this study 2,877 Hong Kong Chinese (565 [19.6%] men; 2,312 [80.4%] women) with various risk factors for glucose intolerance underwent a 75-g(More)
To examine whether a low socio-economic status (SES) is an additional risk factor for glucose intolerance in Hong Kong Chinese with known risk factors for glucose intolerance, a total of 2847 Chinese subjects (473 men and 2374 women) were recruited from the community for assessment. They had known risk factors for glucose intolerance including a previous(More)
OBJECTIVES Optimal insulin regimens for non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients with secondary failure are controversial. We evaluated the efficacy, side effects, and quality of life of patients receiving insulin either alone or in combination with their previous oral hypoglycemic agents (OHAs). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Fifty-three(More)
Women with a history of gestational diabetes (GDM) are at increased risk of developing diabetes compared with other women. There are few data on associations between GDM and cardiovascular risk factors. Between 1988 and 1995, 801 Chinese women with a history of GDM were recruited for a 75g oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and assessment of various(More)
OBJECTIVE We have previously suggested using the paired values of fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and HbA1c to identify potential diabetic subjects. In this article, we followed up on 208 nondiabetic subjects and examined their rates of progression to diabetes. We analyzed their likelihood of becoming diabetic according to their baseline FPG and HbA1c(More)
AIMS To examine and compare gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in Hong Kong Chinese Type 2 diabetic outpatients and non-diabetic control subjects. METHODS A total of 149 Chinese Type 2 diabetic patients (66 men and 83 women, age (mean +/- SD) 46.8+/-11.1 years) newly referred to the diabetes clinic of the Prince of Wales Hospital, Hong Kong were examined.(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the significance of individual risk factors on the development of diabetes in subjects who underwent screening for diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 1,649 Chinese subjects underwent screening for diabetes. They were asymptomatic but had known risk factors for diabetes, including a positive family history of diabetes, a(More)
Smoking is a major cardiovascular risk factor and cause of death. Diabetes mellitus is also associated with an increased mortality and morbidity. Evidence concerning whether smoking increases the incidence of diabetes remains conflicting. Glycaemic status and smoking habits were analysed in 3718 Chinese subjects in order to assess the possible association(More)
BACKGROUND Pretreatment with topical imiquimod, a synthetic agonist of toll-like receptor 7, significantly improved the immunogenicity of influenza vaccination in elderly people. We aimed to clarify its effect in a younger age group. METHODS In this double-blind, randomised controlled trial, we enrolled healthy volunteers aged 18-30 years in early 2014 to(More)
Plasma fibrinogen concentration has been shown to be a predictor of major cardiovascular events. Information on plasma fibrinogen amongst Chinese has been scanty. We examined the relationships between plasma fibrinogen concentration and cardiovascular risk factors in 988 chinese subjects who underwent 75 g oral glucose tolerance test for screening for(More)