Louise Vanysacker

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The effectiveness of three commercially available direct DNA isolation kits (Mobio, Fast, Qiagen) and one published direct DNA extraction protocol (Bead) for extracting bacterial DNA from different types of activated sludge was investigated and mutually compared. The DNA quantity and purity were determined using real-time PCR targeting the bacterial 16S(More)
Membrane biofouling was investigated during the early stages of filtration in a laboratory-scale membrane bioreactor operated on molasses wastewater. The bacterial diversity and composition of the membrane biofilm and activated sludge were analyzed using terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism coupled with 16S rRNA clone library construction and(More)
Candidatus Microtrhix parvicella is one of the most common filamentous bacteria reported to be involved in bulking and foaming problems in activated sludge plants worldwide. In order to detect and quantify both M. parvicella and Microthrix calida by quantitative PCR (qPCR), primers targeting 16S rDNA genes were designed. The qPCR reaction was optimized by(More)
The objectives of this study were to (1) examine the effect of power ultrasound on the viability of both Legionella pneumophila and Acanthamoeba castellanii trophozoites and cysts, (2) investigate if intracellular Legionella replication in trophozoites positively affects bacterial resistance to ultrasound and (3) study if Legionella renders viable but(More)
Despite more than a decade of worldwide research on membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors, many questions remain to be answered. Biofouling, which is referred to as the unwanted deposition and growth of biofilms, remains the main problem. Due to its complexity, most of the existing anti-biofouling strategies are not completely successful. To unravel this(More)
A home-built fiber optic surface plasmon resonance platform (FO-SPR) was applied to directly screen PCR amplified DNA for mutations. The FO-SPR sensor was used for real-time monitoring of DNA duplex melting during high resolution temperature cycling. The signal of the DNA melting was enhanced by means of gold nanoparticle labels. This FO-SPR genetic assay(More)
Since many years, membrane biofouling has been described as the Achilles heel of membrane fouling. In the present study, an ecological assay was performed using model systems with increasing complexity: a monospecies assay using Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Escherichia coli separately, a duospecies assay using both microorganisms, and a multispecies assay(More)
Significant research efforts are continually being directed towards the development of sensitive and accurate surface plasmon resonance biosensors for sequence specific DNA detection. These sensors hold great potential for applications in healthcare and diagnostics. However, the performance of these sensors in practical usage scenarios is often limited due(More)
On-site decentralised wastewater treatment systems can provide a financially attractive alternative to a sewer connection in locations far from existing sewer networks. Operational problems and shortcomings in the design of these systems still occur frequently. The aim of this paper is to provide a low complexity (i.e. easy to calibrate) but still accurate(More)
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