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The trafficking and function of cell surface proteins in eukaryotic cells may require association with detergent-resistant sphingolipid- and sterol-rich membrane domains. The aim of this work was to obtain evidence for lipid domain phenomena in plant membranes. A protocol to prepare Triton X-100 detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs) was developed using(More)
Several studies have provided new insights into the role of sphingolipid/sterol-rich domains so-called lipid rafts of the plasma membrane (PM) from mammalian cells, and more recently from leaves, cell cultures, and seedlings of higher plants. Here we show that lipid raft domains, defined as Triton X-100-insoluble membranes, can also be prepared from(More)
A Caenorhabditis elegans ORF encoding the presumptive condensing enzyme activity of a fatty acid elongase has been characterized functionally by heterologous expression in yeast. This ORF (F56H11. 4) shows low similarity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes involved in fatty acid elongation. The substrate specificity of the C. elegans enzyme indicated a(More)
Very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) are essential for many aspects of plant development and necessary for the synthesis of seed storage triacylglycerols, epicuticular waxes, and sphingolipids. Identification of the acetyl-CoA carboxylase PASTICCINO3 and the 3-hydroxy acyl-CoA dehydratase PASTICCINO2 revealed that VLCFAs are important for cell proliferation(More)
The Ranunculaceae are known to accumulate a wide range of unusual fatty acids in their seed lipids, and this variability has been advocated as a taxonomic marker. The Anemone species, Anemone leveillei L. and Anemone rivularis Buch.-Ham., have previously been reported to accumulate Delta5-desaturated fatty acids in their seed tissue [K. Aitzetmüller (1995)(More)
Analysis of a draft nuclear genome sequence of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana revealed the presence of 11 open reading frames showing significant similarity to functionally characterized fatty acid front-end desaturases. The corresponding genes occupy discrete chromosomal locations as determined by comparison with the recently published genome(More)
Fatty acid Delta(6)-desaturation, the first committed step in C(20) polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis, is generally considered not to discriminate between n-3 and n-6 substrates. We previously identified higher plant species that showed preferential Delta(6)-desaturation of n-3 C(18) fatty acid substrates. A polymerase chain reaction-based approach(More)
The role of Delta4-unsaturated sphingolipid long-chain bases such as sphingosine was investigated in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Identification and functional characterization of the sole Arabidopsis ortholog of the sphingolipid Delta4-desaturase was achieved by heterologous expression in Pichia pastoris. A P. pastoris mutant disrupted in the(More)
Genes encoding two distinct fatty acid delta9-desaturases were isolated from strains of the oleaginous fungus Mortierella alpina. Two genomic sequences, delta9-1 and delta9-2, each containing a single intron, were cloned from strain CBS 528.72 while one cDNA clone, LM9, was isolated from strain CBS 210.32. The delta9-1 gene encoded a protein of 445 aa which(More)
Arachidonic acid (C20:4 Delta5,8,11,14) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesized by the Delta5-fatty acid desaturation of di-homo-gamma-linolenic acid (C20:3 Delta8,11,14). In mammals, it is known to be a precursor of the prostaglandins and the leukotrienes but it is also accumulated by the filamentous fungus Mortierella alpina. We have isolated a cDNA(More)