Louise V Michaelson

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The trafficking and function of cell surface proteins in eukaryotic cells may require association with detergent-resistant sphingolipid- and sterol-rich membrane domains. The aim of this work was to obtain evidence for lipid domain phenomena in plant membranes. A protocol to prepare Triton X-100 detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs) was developed using(More)
Several studies have provided new insights into the role of sphingolipid/sterol-rich domains so-called lipid rafts of the plasma membrane (PM) from mammalian cells, and more recently from leaves, cell cultures, and seedlings of higher plants. Here we show that lipid raft domains, defined as Triton X-100-insoluble membranes, can also be prepared from(More)
A Caenorhabditis elegans ORF encoding the presumptive condensing enzyme activity of a fatty acid elongase has been characterized functionally by heterologous expression in yeast. This ORF (F56H11. 4) shows low similarity to Saccharomyces cerevisiae genes involved in fatty acid elongation. The substrate specificity of the C. elegans enzyme indicated a(More)
Fatty acid Delta(6)-desaturation, the first committed step in C(20) polyunsaturated fatty acid biosynthesis, is generally considered not to discriminate between n-3 and n-6 substrates. We previously identified higher plant species that showed preferential Delta(6)-desaturation of n-3 C(18) fatty acid substrates. A polymerase chain reaction-based approach(More)
Very-long-chain fatty acids (VLCFAs) are synthesized as acyl-CoAs by the endoplasmic reticulum-localized elongase multiprotein complex. Two Arabidopsis genes are putative homologues of the recently identified yeast 3-hydroxy-acyl-CoA dehydratase (PHS1), the third enzyme of the elongase complex. We showed that Arabidopsis PASTICCINO2 (PAS2) was able to(More)
AIMS To highlight the importance of sphingolipids and their metabolites in plant biology. SCOPE The completion of the arabidopsis genome provides a platform for the identification and functional characterization of genes involved in sphingolipid biosynthesis. Using the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae as an experimental model, this review annotates(More)
Arachidonic acid (C20:4 Delta5,8,11,14) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesized by the Delta5-fatty acid desaturation of di-homo-gamma-linolenic acid (C20:3 Delta8,11,14). In mammals, it is known to be a precursor of the prostaglandins and the leukotrienes but it is also accumulated by the filamentous fungus Mortierella alpina. We have isolated a cDNA(More)
Analysis of a draft nuclear genome sequence of the diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana revealed the presence of 11 open reading frames showing significant similarity to functionally characterized fatty acid front-end desaturases. The corresponding genes occupy discrete chromosomal locations as determined by comparison with the recently published genome(More)
Genes encoding two distinct fatty acid delta9-desaturases were isolated from strains of the oleaginous fungus Mortierella alpina. Two genomic sequences, delta9-1 and delta9-2, each containing a single intron, were cloned from strain CBS 528.72 while one cDNA clone, LM9, was isolated from strain CBS 210.32. The delta9-1 gene encoded a protein of 445 aa which(More)
The Ranunculaceae are known to accumulate a wide range of unusual fatty acids in their seed lipids, and this variability has been advocated as a taxonomic marker. The Anemone species, Anemone leveillei L. and Anemone rivularis Buch.-Ham., have previously been reported to accumulate Δ5-desaturated fatty acids in their seed tissue [K. Aitzetmüller (1995)(More)