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We present a robust, fully automatable technology platform that includes computer software for the detailed analysis of low femtomoles of N-linked sugars released from glycoproteins. Features include (i) sample immobilization in 96-well plates, glycan release, and fluorescent labeling; (ii) quantitative HPLC analysis, including monosaccharide sequence,(More)
Secretory IgA (SIgA) is a multi-polypeptide complex consisting of a secretory component (SC) covalently attached to dimeric IgA containing one joining (J) chain. We present the analysis of both the N- and O-glycans on the individual peptides from this complex. Based on these data, we have constructed a molecular model of SIgA1 with all its glycans, in which(More)
Ovarian cancer is the fourth most common cancer in women in the Western world. In a pilot scale study, we highlight changes in the total serum glycome of patients with advanced ovarian cancer that might shed insight into disease pathogenesis. These changes include increases in levels of core fucosylated, agalactosyl biantennary glycans (FA2) and sialyl(More)
In contrast to the linear sequences of protein and DNA, oligosaccharides are branched structures. In addition, almost all glycoproteins consist of a heterogeneous collection of differently glycosylated variants. Glycan analysis therefore requires high-resolution separation techniques that can provide detailed structural analysis, including both(More)
A sensitive, rapid, quantitative strategy has been developed for O-glycan analysis. A structural database has been constructed that currently contains analytical parameters for more than 50 glycans, enabling identification of O-glycans at the subpicomole level. The database contains the structure, molecular weight, and both normal and reversed-phase HPLC(More)
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) is a glycoprotein secreted by prostate epithelial cells. PSA is currently used as a marker of prostate carcinoma because high levels of PSA are indicative of a tumor situation. However, PSA tests still suffer from a lack of specificity to distinguish between benign prostate hyperplasia and prostate cancer. To determine(More)
Symbolic diagrams are commonly used to depict N- and O-linked glycans but there is no general consensus as to how individual constituent monosaccharides or linkages are shown. This article proposes a system that avoids ambiguities inherent in most other systems and is appropriate for both hand drawing and computer applications. Constituent monosaccharides(More)
Calreticulin is a ubiquitous and highly conserved Ca(2+)-binding protein that is involved in intracellular Ca(2+) homeostasis and molecular chaperoning in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Plant calreticulin, in contrast to its animal counterpart, is often glycosylated: its N-glycans have been shown so far to be of the high-mannose type, typical of(More)
Aberrant glycosylation on glycoproteins that are either presented on the surface or secreted by cancer cells is a potential source of disease biomarkers and provides insights into disease pathogenesis. N-Glycans of the total serum glycoproteins from advanced breast cancer patients and healthy individuals were sequenced by HPLC with fluorescence detection(More)
SUMMARY The development of robust high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) technologies continues to improve the detailed analysis and sequencing of glycan structures released from glycoproteins. Here, we present a database (GlycoBase) and analytical tool (autoGU) to assist the interpretation and assignment of HPLC-glycan profiles. GlycoBase is a(More)