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UNLABELLED Hepatitis C virus (HCV) may increase the risk of hepatopancreaticobiliary tumors other than hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Previous case control studies indicated a possible association between HCV and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC). Little is known about the association between HCV and extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ECC) or pancreatic(More)
CONTEXT Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes liver cancer and cirrhosis and may also increase the risk of other tumors, particularly hematopoietic malignancies and thyroid cancer. Previous studies have been too small to adequately assess these risks. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that HCV infection is associated with increased risk for(More)
This paper presents evidence in support of a serial reaction time (SRT) deficit associated with Parkinson's disease, and related to the acquisition or execution of serial-order information. Eleven patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease, and 10 age-matched but otherwise healthy control subjects, were compared on a variant of the SRT task introduced by(More)
Rapid eye movements (saccades) were examined in 7 patients with idiopathic Parkinson's disease (PD) and a matched group of normal control subjects. The effect of instructional and stimulus conditions used to elicit saccades was examined using 3 experimental paradigms. Eye movements directly elicited by a novel peripheral target were unimpaired in patients(More)
Most of the previous research reporting abnormalities of rapid re-fixation eye movements (saccades) in patients with schizophrenia has used patients receiving neuroleptic medication. In this study non-neuroleptically medicated schizophrenics were compared with other psychiatric patients using a variety of saccadic paradigms to determine the specificity of(More)
The Comet assay has been used widely in genetic toxicology, radiation biology and medical and environmental research. This assay detects single-strand breaks and alkali-labile sites in DNA and DNA degradation due to necrosis or apoptosis. It may also be modified to detect DNA cross-linking. Although a considerable number of chemicals have been tested in the(More)
The effects of dopamine-antagonistic neuroleptic (NL) medication on saccadic eye movements were compared in matched groups of 40 NL-treated and 18 NL-free schizophrenic patients and in 18 NL-treated and 14 NL-free bipolar affective patients. Manipulation of the saccadic paradigm yielded data on four types of saccade: those reflexively elicited by novel(More)
Informed by data on the dose-response effect, the authors assessed use of psychotherapy in the Veterans Health Administration (VA). The authors identified 410,923 patients with newly diagnosed depression, anxiety, or posttraumatic stress disorder using VA databases (October 2003 through September 2004). Psychotherapy encounters were identified by Current(More)
Studies of patients with damage to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and the basal ganglia have shown that these areas are involved in the control of remembered saccades. However, although positron emission tomography (PET) studies of remembered saccades have demonstrated extensive cortical and subcortical activation, they have failed to detect any(More)
In a coincidence timing task, Parkinsonian patients and a control group were instructed to synchronize a keypress with the onset of a visual signal which had been preceded by a regular train of warning signals. Although the Parkinsonian group had previously exhibited slower reactions in a conventional simple reaction-time task, they were able to generate(More)