Louise M Carr

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BACKGROUND In the UK, NHS hospitals receive large amounts of evidence-based recommendations for care delivery from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) and other organisations. Little is known about how NHS organisations implement such guidance and best practice for doing so. This study was therefore designed to examine the(More)
Recently, emergency departments across the continent have become crowded with patients requiring non-urgent care. To alleviate this situation at The Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, receptionists in the emergency department direct patients requiring urgent care to the emergency room and those requiring non-urgent care to a screening clinic (triage).(More)
Medical decision making under uncertainty was tested using an empirical study of practitioner judgments concerning the preferred treatment(s) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients. Patient-specific factors were varied systematically in written case vignettes, which were mailed to physician and nonphysician practitioners who treated ESRD patients in(More)
The UK’s National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) has recommended contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for the characterisation of focal liver lesions where the results of standard unenhanced ultrasound are inconclusive. A further recommendation is for CEUS to replace other imaging modalities. However, little is currently known about the(More)
A School Dental Scheme was commenced in Australia on July 1, 1973 in which the Commonwealth and States shared the costs of the development and operation of the school dental service. Data collected at annual examinations over the years 1977-1980 inclusive were used, from which trends, if any, could be determined on the changes that may have occurred in the(More)
BACKGROUND Looked after children (LAC) and care leavers are young people who have been placed under the legal care of local authorities, in many instances due to a history of abuse and/or neglect. These young people have a significantly increased risk of substance use and mental disorder compared to their peers. The aim of the SOLID study is to assess the(More)
The water supply of Canberra was fluoridated in eptember 1964. This report covers the period 1965 to 1974 during which children aged five to twelve years were examined. These children had lived in Canberra since fluoridation commenced. In comparison with base-line data the results showed a progressive improvement in the DMF and defindices. The reduction in(More)