Louise M Burrell

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The formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on extracellular matrix components leads to accelerated increases in collagen cross linking that contributes to myocardial stiffness in diabetes. This study determined the effect of the crosslink breaker, ALT-711 on diabetes-induced cardiac disease. Streptozotocin diabetes was induced in Sprague-Dawley(More)
The effect of ACE inhibition on the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and oxidative stress was explored. Streptozocin-induced diabetic animals were randomized to no treatment, the ACE inhibitor ramipril (3 mg/l), or the AGE formation inhibitor aminoguanidine (1 g/l) and followed for 12 weeks. Control groups were followed concurrently.(More)
BACKGROUND The detrimental effects of high dietary salt intake may not only involve effects on blood pressure and organ hypertrophy but also lead to tissue fibrosis independently of these factors. METHODS AND RESULTS The effect of a normal (1%) or high (8%) sodium chloride diet on myocardial and renal fibrosis was assessed by quantitative histomorphometry(More)
The hormone arginine vasopressin (AVP) contributes to water retention and vasoconstriction in congestive heart failure (CHF) through effects at the V2 and V1a receptors, respectively. The effect of long-term V2 receptor (V2R) blockade using OPC-31260 was assessed in a rat model of postinfarction-induced CHF. Rats underwent coronary artery ligation or sham(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a zinc metalloproteinase and a key regulator of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). ACE2 is a newly described enzyme identified in rodents and humans with a more restricted distribution than ACE, and is found mainly in heart and kidney. ACE2 cleaves a single residue from angiotensin I (Ang I) to generate Ang 1-9, and(More)
ACE2, initially cloned from a human heart, is a recently described homologue of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) but contains only a single enzymatic site that catalyzes the cleavage of angiotensin I to angiotensin 1-9 [Ang(1-9)] and is not inhibited by classic ACE inhibitors. It also converts angiotensin II to Ang(1-7). Although the role of ACE2 in the(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Angiotensin II (ANG II) has profibrotic actions in the heart and kidney, whereas blockade of the renin angiotensin system (RAS) attenuates injury. This study examines whether the RAS is present in the liver and examines its regulation in the bile duct-ligation model of hepatic fibrogenesis. METHODS Sham-operated and bile duct-ligated(More)
S21402 is a vasopeptidase inhibitor that simultaneously inhibits neutral endopeptidase (NEP) and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). This study determined whether chronic treatment with S21402 produced different effects on sodium and water excretion, hormonal parameters, and cardiovascular structure compared with selective inhibition of ACE and NEP in a(More)
It has been suggested that combined inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral endopeptidase (NEP) may lower blood pressure more effectively than either treatment alone, independent of the degree of salt and volume status or the activity of the renin-angiotensin system. The effects of NEP inhibition in hypertension associated with(More)