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BACKGROUND The detrimental effects of high dietary salt intake may not only involve effects on blood pressure and organ hypertrophy but also lead to tissue fibrosis independently of these factors. METHODS AND RESULTS The effect of a normal (1%) or high (8%) sodium chloride diet on myocardial and renal fibrosis was assessed by quantitative histomorphometry(More)
The effect of ACE inhibition on the formation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and oxidative stress was explored. Streptozocin-induced diabetic animals were randomized to no treatment, the ACE inhibitor ramipril (3 mg/l), or the AGE formation inhibitor aminoguanidine (1 g/l) and followed for 12 weeks. Control groups were followed concurrently.(More)
ACE2, initially cloned from a human heart, is a recently described homologue of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) but contains only a single enzymatic site that catalyzes the cleavage of angiotensin I to angiotensin 1-9 [Ang(1-9)] and is not inhibited by classic ACE inhibitors. It also converts angiotensin II to Ang(1-7). Although the role of ACE2 in the(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a zinc metalloproteinase and a key regulator of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS). ACE2 is a newly described enzyme identified in rodents and humans with a more restricted distribution than ACE, and is found mainly in heart and kidney. ACE2 cleaves a single residue from angiotensin I (Ang I) to generate Ang 1-9, and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effectiveness of intensive structured care to optimise blood pressure control based on individual absolute risk targets in primary care. DESIGN Pragmatic multicentre randomised controlled trial. SETTING General practices throughout Australia, except Northern Territory, 2009-11. PARTICIPANTS Of 2185 patients from 119 general(More)
It has been suggested that combined inhibition of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) and neutral endopeptidase (NEP) may lower blood pressure more effectively than either treatment alone, independent of the degree of salt and volume status or the activity of the renin-angiotensin system. The effects of NEP inhibition in hypertension associated with(More)
The RAS (renin-angiotensin system) plays an important role in the pathophysiology of CVD (cardiovascular disease), and RAS blockade is an important therapeutic strategy in the management of CVD. A new counterbalancing arm of the RAS is now known to exist in which ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) 2 degrades Ang (angiotensin) II, the main effector of the(More)
OBJECTIVE Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is associated with a progressive deterioration in cardiac function. We hypothesised that some of the deleterious effects of DCM could be reduced by mechanically limiting the degree of cardiac dilatation. METHODS A Transonic 20A cardiac output (CO) flow-probe was implanted in the pulmonary artery of 12 adult (52 +/- 4(More)
Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) 2 activity and angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] levels are increased in experimental cirrhosis; however, the pathways of hepatic Ang-(1-7) production have not been studied. This study investigated the role of ACE2, ACE, and neutral endopeptidase (NEP) in the hepatic formation of Ang-(1-7) from angiotensin I (Ang I) and Ang(More)